Coachlight Bible Study – Romans Chapter 5
The Blessings And Contrasts Of Justification
So far in the Book of Romans we have been in God’s courtroom. We have seen the case made that the Wrath of God has been kindled by the actions of two distinct classes of people. First, the Heathen Gentile, was not thankful to God and ends up so deep in sin, that he is not able to discern right from wrong any longer. Secondly, the self-righteous Jew, not realizing that God is his salvation, puts his trust in birthrights, signs, or his own traditions.
The verdict, then comes down showing that everyone is worthy of God’s wrath. Unlike any earthly court, the judge demonstrates ultimate mercy, and takes upon Himself the punishment in stead of the condemned man. This act was prophesied in the Old Testament by the mercy seat of the Ark of the Covenant being the propitiation for the Nation of Israel. Christ is our propitiation, perfectly demonstrating the Righteousness of God. The unworthy man is imputed God’s Righteousness, and then treated by God as if he were righteous.
Chapter five teaches us the blessings of justification and then contrasts justification and condemnation. These blessings are not only given at the time of justification, but are along for the ride with justification all through the believer’s life here on earth, and the hope of eternal life.
I. The Blessings To One Who God Has Imputed Righteousness
Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Romans 5:3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
Romans 5:4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
Romans 5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 5:6 For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
Romans 5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
Romans 5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
Romans 5:11 And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
A. Being Justified<1344> By Faith - We Have Peace With God
1. Dikaioo – The Greek Verb Is More Precise – Enforces The Last Chapter
2. In Greek It Is An Aorist Past Participle
a. The Time Is Past
b. The Voice Passive – The Subject Received But Did Not Initiate
1344 dikaiow dikaioo dik-ah-yo’-o from 1342; TDNT-2:211,168; v
AV-justify 37, be freed 1, be righteous 1, justifier 1; 40
3. This Peace Is Not The Peace Of God – But Peace With God
a. Between God And Sinner There Is Enmity – A War
Isaiah 48:22 There is no peace, saith the LORD, unto the wicked.
James 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled
b. The War Between God And Sinner Continues Until Peace Is Declared
c. Upon Justification We Have A Peace Treaty With God Through Christ
d. Christ Is The Mediator Between God & Man
I Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;
I Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
1. Christ Made Peace By Shedding His Blood
2. Christ Is Our Peace With God
Ephesians 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.
Ephesians 2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;
Ephesians 2:16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
Ephesians 2:17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
Ephesians 2:18 For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.
B. Being Justified – We Have Access To His Grace By Faith
C. Being Justified – We Can Stand Before God In His Grace
1. How Can A Sinner Stand Before God? – Only By His Grace
Psalm 130:3 If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
2. We See A Good Example At The 6th Seal
Revelation 6:16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
Revelation 6:17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?
D. Being Justified – We Rejoice In Hope Of The Glory Of God
1. Although All Have Come Short Of The Glory Of God – Romans 3:23
2. We Have The Hope – A Noun - That One Day We Will Be Like Him
I John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.
I John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
I John 3:3 And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.
E. Being Justified – We Glory In Tribulations
1. Tribulation Brings Patience
2. Patience Brings Experience
3. Experience Brings Hope
F. Being Justified – We Will Not Be Disappointed In Our Hope
1. Why? It Is Not Of Ourselves
2. Because The Holy Ghost Gives Us
3. The Love Of God In Our Hearts
4. God’s Love Demonstrated By Christ Dying For Us While We Were Sinners
a. We Did Not Merit His Act Of Love
b. It Is Impossible To Buy Or Earn His Act Of Love
c. He Reconciled Us When We Were Still Enemies
5. The Trilogy In This Chapter
a. This Chapter Started Out Speaking Of Faith
b. This Chapter Then Spoke Of Hope
c. This Chapter Now Speaks Of Love
II. The Contrast Between Justification And Condemnation
Romans 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
Romans 5:13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
Romans 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
Romans 5:15 But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
Romans 5:16 And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
Romans 5:17 For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
Romans 5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
Romans 5:19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
A. The Contrast Between Adam & Christ – Verses 12-14
1. With One Sin By One Man Sin Entered The World
2. Then Sin Brought Death
3. Death Came Immediately – Adam
4. Death Came Before The Law – Even To Those Who Didn’t Sin Like Adam
5. Adam Is A Type Of Christ – Figure – “Tupos” or Type
6. This Contrast Shows How Adam & Christ Are Similar – It Affects Many
a. Through The Offense Of The 1st Adam – All His Descendants Saw Death
b. Through The Free Gift Of The 2nd Adam – All Re-Born See Eternal Life
7. This Contrast Shows How Adam & Christ Are Different – One Is Greater
a. Through The 1st Adam – We Get What We Deserve
b. Through The 2nd Adam – We Get More Of What We Do Not Deserve
B. The Contrast Between Condemnation & Justification – Verse 16-18
1. Sin Imputed To Man With One Offense By One Man
2. Righteousness Is Imputed To Man With God’s Free Gift Covers Many Offenses
C. The Contrast Between Disobedience & Obedience – Verse 19
1. Through One Man’s Disobedience - Many Made Sinners - Death
2. Through One Man’s Obedience – Many Will Be Made Righteous - Life
D. The Contrast Between Law & Grace – Verse 20
1. The Law Is A Guide To Show Man That He Is A Sinner
2. God’s Grace Is Greater Than All Our Sin The Law Points Out
E. The Contrast Between Sin & Righteousness – Life And Death - Verse 21
1. Sin Has Reigned Through Adam – The End Result Is Death
2. Righteousness Will Reign Through Christ – The End Result Is Eternal Life
The Blessings And Contrasts Of Justification
The Blessings Of Justification
We Have Peace With God
We Can Stand Before God In His Grace
We Access His Grace By Faith
We Glory In Tribulations
We Rejoice In Hope Of God’s Glory
We Will Not Be Disappointed In Hope
We Are Reconciled By His Death
We Are Saved By His Life
The Contrast Between Justification And Condemnation
Christ’s Gift Of Righteousness
One Sin By One Man Affects Many
One Gift By One Man Covers Many Sins
One Sin By One Man - Sin Is Imputed To All Men
One Gift By One Man – Righteousness Is Imputed To All By Faith In God’s Word
One Sin By One Man All Adam’s Descendants Know Death
One Gift By One Man All Christ’s Re-Born Know Eternal Life
With One Sin By One Man We Get What We Deserve
With One Gift By One Man We Get More Of What We Do Not Deserve
By One Man’s Disobedience Many Became Sinners
By One Man’s Obedience Many Are Made Righteous
By One Man’s Disobedience Many Die
By One Man’s Obedience Many Eternally Live
The Difference Between Obedience & Disobedience Is Life & Death