The New Covenant

This Covenant by God to Israel guarantees Israel a converted heart as the foundation of all her blessings.  This can not happen without the shedding of blood, and a sacrifice is needed.  A sacrifice, acceptable to God is the foundation of this Covenant.  Just like the offering up of the Son of God is the center of God’s plan, it is also the foundation of this Covenant.


I. The Text of the Covenant


Jeremiah31:31  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Jeremiah31:32  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: {although…: or, should I have continued an husband unto them?}

Jeremiah31:33  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Jeremiah31:34  And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.


II. The Details of the Covenant –(from Charles C. Ryrie)


A. It is a unconditional grace covenant to be fulfilled in the Millennium. Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezekiel 16:60-62


B. It is an everlasting Covenant.  Isaiah 61:2; Ezekiel 37:26; Jeremiah 31:35-37


C. It promises a new mind and a new heart – (regeneration) – Jeremiah 31:33; Isaiah 59:21


D. It provides for restoration to the favor and blessing of God. Hosea 2:19; Isaiah 61:9


E. It includes forgiveness of sin. Jeremiah 31:34


F. It contains the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.  Ezekiel 36:27


Ezekiel 36:27 27  And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.


G. It foretells of the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit.  Jeremiah 31:34

H. It again gives blessing to Israel when she is in the land. Jeremiah 32:41; Isaiah 61:8; Ezekiel 34:25-27

H. It’s foundation is the Blood of Christ.  Zechariah 9:11

III. Confirmation of the Covenant


Isaiah 61:8  For I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt offering; and I will direct their work in truth, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.

Isaiah 61:9  And their seed shall be known among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the people: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which the LORD hath blessed.


Ezekiel 37:21  And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:

Ezekiel 37:22  And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all:

Ezekiel 37:23  Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.

Ezekiel 37:24  And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.

Ezekiel 37:25  And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children’s children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.

Ezekiel 37:26  Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.

Ezekiel 37:27  My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Ezekiel 37:28  And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.


A. Israel is to be regathered

B. Israel is to be one nation ruled by one King

C. Israel is no more to be idolatrous, she is to be cleansed and forgiven

D. Israel is to live forever in the land

E. The covenant of peace is to be with them forever

F. God’s tabernacle is to be with them – God’s presence will be visible

G. Israel is to be known among the Gentiles as a nation blessed by God.


So, this Covenant has to do with the regeneration, foregiveness, and justification of Israel, the outpouring of the Holy Spirit with His subsequent ministries, Israel’s regathering and restoration to the place of blessing, all founded on the blood of Jesus Christ, the coming Messiah.