Coachlight Bible Study - Joseph The Deliverer – Joseph 2 of 3


I. There is no Old Testament character to compare with Joseph for purity of character, steadfastness and perseverance.

A. At 17, sold into slavery in Egypt

B. Persevered through the most severe temptation

C. At 30, became the Prime Minister of Egypt

II. Joseph A Type Of Christ

A. Joseph’s two names, one given at birth, other when he was exalted to the throne

B. By occupation, a shepherd, type of the Chief Shepherd of the Church

C. Hated without cause

D. Delivered into the hands of the Gentiles

E. Sold for 20 pieces of silver, potentially put to death

F. Well beloved by his father

G. Wore a distinctive robe  

H. Sent by his father, to his brethren with a message and to return with a report, but they despised him

I. Jesus Was Also Sent By His Father To His Brethren, But:


John 1:10-11 “He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. He came unto his own, and his own received him not.”


J. Joseph was stripped of his raiment and cast into the pit to die, but came out of the place of death, alive

K. He was sent into Egypt and became a servant

L. He was falsely accused, by Potiphar’s wife and cast into prison

M. He attempted no defense, and in prison he was numbered with the transgressors.

N. While in the prison of rejection

1. He became the savior of the king’s butler

2. He became the judge of the king’s baker

3. The butler was set free

4. The butler in time mentioned Joseph’s name to the king who had a terrifying dream

5. Joseph was called and interpreted the dream for Pharaoh

O. He received a new name

1. He was exalted to the throne of Egypt

2. He became the savior of the world in a time of famine.

3. While exalted he received a Gentile bride.


III. His brethren in Canaan

A. They were facing starvation with their father Jacob

1.  They were desperate

2. They heard that there was corn in Egypt

3. The ten brothers journeyed to Egypt to buy corn.

B. They were recognized by Joseph, while at the same time he was unknown to them.

1. At the hands of Joseph these brothers were severely punished by Joseph

2. Their past crime of selling their brother was brought to mind.

3. Before he would identify himself,

a.  They must be brought to their knees

b. They must demonstrate confession of their guilt

c. They must repent of the potential murder of their little brother


Genesis 42:6-9 “And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph’s brethren came, and bowed  down themselves before him with their faces to the earth. And  Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself  strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, from the land of Canaan to buy food. And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him. And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, andsaid unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.”


C. Joseph really turns on the heat -  They were finding out that a man will reap what he sows

1.  Joseph made his 10 bothers tell about their family

2. Joseph made them tell about his younger brother, Benjamin

3. He put them in prison for three days and then let them go

4. He demanded that one of the brothers be detained in Egypt

a. Until they brought Benjamin back with them

b. This would prove that they were not spies.


D. Joseph had a purpose and a plan in it all

1. He was not mean or revengeful in his action.

2. His plan looked forward to the future dealing of the Messiah and His people Israel in the latter days.

3. The plan began to work. Conviction overcame them and I hear them huddled together, saying:


Genesis 42:21-26 “And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? Therefore, behold, also his blood is required. And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter. And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes. Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man’s money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them. And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence.”


E. They returned home, but eventually ran out of food and had to return to Egypt.

1. This time they dared not return without taking Benjamin along

a. to prove they had not been lying.

b. Over the bitter protest of their father, Jacob, Benjamin was taken along.

2.Then the real trial came

a. When they were ready to return home, the silver cup of Joseph was slipped into one of Benjamin’s sacks.

b. They weren’t gone long when on Joseph’s order’s they were stopped

c. They were accused of having stolen the precious cup, and returned to the palace.

d. The sacks of grain were carefully searched

e. To their surprise it was found in Benjamin’s sack.

1. It meant that Benjamin was accused of theft

2. It meant that Benjamin would have to be detained in Egypt, as a slave.

Look at the text:


Genesis 44:15-18 “And Joseph said unto them, what deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine? And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? What shall we speak? How shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are  my lord’s servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found. And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father. Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord’s ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy  servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh.”


F. The heartrending plea of Judah on behalf of his aged father

1. He said that if Benjamin did not return, Jacob would drop dead

2. Now, we come to the crux of the whole matter.

a. Judah remembered the time in the field when Joseph was sold.

b. Now he was forced to retell the story.

Here are the words of Judah, as Benjamin was taken away:


Genesis 44:27-31 “And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons: And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since: And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave. Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad’s life; It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.”


Genesis 45:1 “Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them…”


G. This was all that Joseph could stand - his purpose had been accomplished

1. He had wrung from them a confession of their guilt and sin.

a. He had seen his dreams come true

1. The sheaves bowing down to him

2. The sun, moon, and stars making obeisance

b. Can you imagine the agony of these brothers before Joseph as he caused all their evil past to rise up before them?

1. He saw their agony as their past came back to haunt them.

2. They remembered they had had cast him into the pit

3. Closed their ears to his cries

4. Lied to their father and thought it would never be revealed.

5. Everything that needed to be accomplished in the purpose of God had been done

2. It was time to reveal himself to them as their brother, Joseph:


Genesis 45:1-3 “Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.  And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard. And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father yet live? And his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled at his presence.”


3. Then Joseph freely forgave the, and we come to the climax:


Genesis 45:14-15 “And he fell upon his brother, Benjamin’s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him.”


IV. We all know the rest of the story

A. Jacob and all of his family were brought from Canaan to live in the richest part of Egypt.

B. The despised Hebrews were favored above all people because their brother was on the throne.


V. This is the climax of the typology of Joseph - when he freely forgave his brethren who had sold him into Egypt.

A. This story has a dispensational application to the nation of Israel.

B. We have to see the picture of Jesus in Joseph’s whole history as the Savior of mankind.

C. But there is another interpretation too often overlooked. Joseph and his brethren are a type of God’s great program for the Nation of Israel.

D. Joseph is not only a type of the Savior of the world - but the Messiah and King of Israel.

1. Jesus, typified by Joseph was the father’s well-beloved Son.

2. In the fullness of time He sent Him into the field of the world to seek His brethren.

3. He found the Nation of Israel in the land of Dothan, the land of the law.

4. But they rejected Him, and sold Him for 30 pieces of silver into the hands of the Gentiles.

5. While in rejection Christ sits on the right hand of the King of the Universe

a. Receives a Gentile bride

b. Waits for the great tribulation - the day of Jacob’s trouble (represented by seven years of famine).

6. After a dispensation of plenty since the Messiah was rejected

a. there will follow the seven years of earth’s greatest sorrow

b. The brunt of it will be borne by the Nation of Israel. It is the Time Of Jacob’s Trouble.

7. Speaking of that great day of the Lord, the tribulation period, lasting seven years and of which the famine In Egypt was a type, Jeremiah says:


Jeremiah 30:7 “Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.”


E. Joseph did not forget the evil of his brethren – he gave them their just punishment with agony during the famine

F. Israel’s sin must be confessed

1. Isreal must bear her punishment

2. Then she will be saved.

3. This is why Joseph did not have revenge upon his brethren

a. Refusing them bread

b. But he did not overlook their sin - and he made them agonize in it

In Acts 7, Stephen, in retelling the story of Joseph tells us:


Acts 7:12-13 “But when Jacob heard that there was corn in Egypt, he sent out our fathers first. And at the second time Joseph was made known to his brethren…”


G. Yes, the second time he is made known to them.

H. The first time, “He came unto His, but His own received Him not.”

I. The world’s last climactic time of trouble and tribulation prefigured by the seven years of famine in Egypt is drawing very, very near.

1. The Church will be with her Lord on the throne

2. Then the vials of God’s wrath will poured out with vengeance

3. A time of trouble that will be so great that unless those days were shortened, there should be no flesh saved.


J. Why didn’t Joseph make himself known the first time, instead of permitting them a time of agony and sorrow?

1. Because his brethren must be brought to their knees before him and confess their guilt.

2. The Bible predicts this time of Israel’s agony and their deliverance in Jeremiah:


Jeremiah 16:17-18 “For mine eyes are upon all their ways: they are not hid from my face, neither is their iniquity hid from mine eyes. And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double…”


K. And after they have been almost annihilated and destroyed, the Lord will make Himself known to Israel, just as Joseph did to his brothers:


Zechariah 9:10 “And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak  peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to  sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth.”


L. It is then that the Greater Joseph shall reveal Himself to His brethren

1. The sons of Jacob

2. He will forgive their sins and iniquities.

3. Like Joseph, overcome them with love, compassion and forgiveness. Isaiah sings of this:


Isaiah 40:1-2 “Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God. Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the LORD’S hand double for all her sins.”


M. Then, He will lead them into the choicest of the land

1. He will exalt them above all nations of the earth.

2. This is the fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant


Joseph and His Brothers – A Type of Christ and Israel



In the fullness of time He sent Him into the field of the world to seek His brethren.

In the fullness of time He sent Him into the field of the world to seek His brethren.

He heard his brethern were in Sheckum –“fellowship”, he found them in  Dothan – means law

He found the Nation of Israel in the land of Dothan, the land of the law.

But they rejected Him, and sold Him for 20 pieces of silver into the hands of the Gentiles.

But they rejected Him, and sold Him for 30 pieces of silver into the hands of the Gentiles.

While in rejection Joseph sits on the right hand of the throne of the Pharaoh of Egypt

While in rejection Christ sits on the right hand of the King of the Universe

Waits for the seven years of great famine  - the day of his brethren’s trouble – his brethren saved

Waits for the seven years of great tribulation - the day of Jacob’s trouble – The Nation of Israel saved

Receives a Gentile bride, an Egyptian

Receives the bride of Christ, Gentiles and Jews

Did not forget the evil of his brethren – he gave them their just punishment with agony during the famine Genesis chapters 42-43

Did not forget the evil of his brethren – he gives them their just punishment with agony during the Tribulation – Jeremiah 16:17-18

The first time he saw his brethren they didn’t recognize the king, the second time, he was made known to them  Acts 7:12-14

The first time He came Israel didn’t recognize the King, He will be made known to them on His Second Advent – John 1:10-11

After they have been almost annihilated and afraid, Joseph will make Himself known to his brothers Genesis 43

After they will be almost annihilated and destroyed, the Lord will make Himself known to Israel - Zechariah 9:10

Jeremiah 30:7 “Alas! for that day is great, so that none is like it: it is even the time of Jacob’s trouble; but he shall be saved out of it.”

Jeremiah 7:31  Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Jeremiah 7:32  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: {although…: or, should I have continued an husband unto them?}

Jeremiah 7:33  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Jeremiah 7:34  And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.