Coachlight Bible Study of Isaiah – Chapters 11 - 14
A Rod Out Of The Stem Of Jesse
Isaiah lets us know that our God reigns! He is sovereign and in charge of the nations. God used Assyria in chapter 10 to punish The Northern Kingdom, Israel, but now it will be judged, and we find out that Assyria was only a pawn in God's hands to accomplish His plan with Israel. The same God Who wiped out Assyria, will raise up a King Who will sit on the throne of David forever.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Isaiah 9: 6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 9: 7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 9: 8 ¶ The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.
Isaiah 9: 9 And all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness of heart,
Isaiah 9: 10 The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change them into cedars.
II. We See A Rod Out Of The Stem Of Jesse
Isaiah 11: 1 ¶ And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
A. Isaiah wrote this in the 8th century B.C.
1. There were only stumps of dead trees that Assyria mowed down
2. The ax of divine judgment had chopped the trees
3. Nothing but stumps was left standing.
B. The Messiah will arrive, seven hundred years later
1. The house of David will be nothing but an insignificant stump in Israel.
2. It will have fallen upon evil days.
C. Undoubtedly, Isaiah had in mind 2 Samuel 7:16.
II Samuel 7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
D. The "stem" or "stump," is all that is left of a once mighty tree
1. Israel is just a field of burned out stumps on the landscape of world history.
2. Judah and Assyria will fall under the heavy hand of God's judgment.
3. When Assyria fell in 609 B.C. she never budded again.
a. She will always be a lifeless dead stump.
b. God will destroy the destroyer.
c. Assyria was only a pawn in the hands of the God of Israel.
E. However, there is a stump with just a twig of life in it.
1. It is the smallest of shoots
a. It has a green sprout that will bud and bring forth a righteous ruler in Israel.
b. From this barren, helpless shoot will come the redeemer of Israel (53:1-2).
2. Beside the burned out stumps of Assyria, God brought forth a green "shoot."
a. The lineage of David is not completely dead.
b. The Messianic branch, David, the eternal King will reign over His people.
c. There is only one Jesse in the Scriptures and he is King David's father.
Isaiah 11: 2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
A. He will not do God's will by human means.
B. He will have the very breath of God upon Him.
C. He will be under the control of "the Spirit of the LORD"
1. He will not be spiritually barren like King Ahaz and others before Him.
2. The Fulfillment Described in Luke
Luke 4: 1 ¶ And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,
Luke 4: 14 ¶ And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.
D. Christ Did the Father's will like the prophets of old
Zechariah 4:6 .. Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
1. John told of Jesus at the beginning of His ministry quoting the Baptist
John 1:3 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
John 1:34 And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.
2. Luke describes how Jesus began His public ministry in Nazareth.
a. Jesus entered the synagogue one Sabbath day, as it was His custom.
b. He stood up to read from the scroll that was handed to Him
c. He actually read Himself into His sacred office.
d. The text was taken from Isaiah 61:1-2.
Luke 4: 18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
Luke 4: 19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.
Luke 4:20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.
Luke 4:21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.
Isaiah 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Isaiah 11:5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
A. Characteristics Of His Reign – Righteousness And The Fear of the Lord
1. This king will rule with integrity.
a. He will be radically different from all presidents and kings before
b. The "fear of the LORD" will not be lip service, and political talk with Him.
2. He will speak with absolute integrity
a. He will not conduct His government by popularity polls
b. Personal biases will not be part of His decision making
c. He will not lie at every turn of His mouth
But, In The Middle Of Verse Four, Isaiah Jumps In Time, Across The Centuries To The Second Coming Of Jesus Christ.
3. I Believe Peter explained this when he wrote of the Holy Spirit
I Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
V. We See That Eden Returns With The Messiah’s Second Coming
Isaiah 11:6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.
Isaiah 11:7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
Isaiah 11:8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice’ den.
Isaiah 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
The Curse Will Be Lifted
Romans 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Romans 8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God.
Romans 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,
Romans 8:21 Because the creature itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.
Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now.
Romans 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.
Romans 8:24 For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for?
Romans 8:25 But if we hope for that we see not, then do we with patience wait for it.
Revelation 22: 3 And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:
VI. We See What Will Bring This About – Earth Filled With Knowledge of the Lord
Isaiah 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
VII. We See The Banner of the People – Judah, Israel, and Gentiles
Isaiah 11:10 ¶ And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.
A. The Perfect Ruler, Prince of Peace will draw all men unto Himself.
B. The ensign was the standard, the banner or flag that drew the troops together.
C. Messiah stands as the central rallying point of the remnant and the Gentiles
Philippians 2:9-11; Jeremiah 31:33-34; John 3:14; Matthew 24:31
D. The remnant gathers around Him. Jesus said, "And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto Myself" (John 12:32).
Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
Isaiah 11:12 And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
Isaiah 11:13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
Isaiah 11:14 But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.
Isaiah 11:15 And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.
Isaiah 11:16 And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
E. There Will Be A Great New Exodus.
1. Is the current return of the Jewish people to Israel the one foretold here?
2. It is perhaps a preparation for that day
3. It is probably not the fulfillment of these verses.
4. Isaiah is speaking of believers being gathered back by the hand of God.
5. It is a believing "remnant" he has in mind.
a. Today there is only a handful of believing Jews in Israel.
b. Most of them are non religious Jews.
c. Isaiah pictures Jerusalem restored and the Lord Jesus reigning in person in Jerusalem.
6. He is the banner that draws all nations to Jerusalem to seek Him.
a. The remnant is envisioned coming from every part of the earth to Jerusalem
b. Isaiah "is thinking of a deliverance so great that it can only be performed by God.
"Like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt..”
VIII. We See Isaiah Praise The Lord For Messianic Salvation
Isaiah 12:1 ¶ And in that day thou shalt say, O LORD, I will praise thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortedst me.
Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation.
Isaiah 12:3 Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.
Isaiah 12:4 ¶ And in that day shall ye say, Praise the LORD, call upon his name, declare his doings among the people, make mention that his name is exalted.
Isaiah 12:5 Sing unto the LORD; for he hath done excellent things: this is known in all the earth.
Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great is the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
IX. We See Looking Back To Isaiah’s Vision - God Is Sovereign Now
A. Chapters 13 – 23 contain judgments predicted on nations surrounding Judah.
1. First the rising power of Babylon
2. Would ultimately overwhelm Assyria
3. Would become the greatest kingdom on earth
4. Would fall to the Medes and the Persians and be in ruins.
B. Chapter 14 judgment again rises beyond the immediate earthly Babylon
1. Sees the satanic power which controls the early nations
2. Describes Satan’s which occurred before the foundation of the earth.
Isaiah 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
Isaiah 14:13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
Isaiah 14:14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
3. We Can Also See Satan’s Demise
Isaiah 14: 15 Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
Isaiah 14:16 They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;
C. The Contrast between God’s view And Man’s Perspective
1. Man sees only earthly kingdoms - the thrones which rise and fall through the centuries
2. Scripture sees the satanic powers and angelic conflicts behind the earthly events.
3. This Is Why Paul said:
Ephesians 6:12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
Ephesians 6:13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
Ephesians 6:14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
Ephesians 6:15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
Ephesians 6:16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked.
Ephesians 6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;
1. Only that which is eternal lasts. When we realize our journey through this earth is only passing we then recognize the real thing is yet to come. We are living in two worlds: the now, and the yet to be. The daily world news reminds us that world peace as we know it is only temporary. Perpetual, permanent peace will only come when Jesus returns to reign as King of kings and Lord of lords.
2. Only that which is done in the Spirit of the LORD is of lasting quality. Anything done in the flesh is temporary and destructive. When we yield ourselves to the Holy Spirit we are investing in eternity.
3. Only when there is a transformation of man's spirit can there be a transformation of man's environment. When the soul of man is radically transformed we will then witness a radical change in our society.
4. Only when we realize the ultimate victory is in God's hands, not man's, do we have lasting hope. When we recognize the sovereignty of God we can enjoy our everlasting hope.
5. Only when we are obedient do we bring delight to the Lord. When we are obedient we have a heart that fears the Lord. The Messiah delights in the "fear of the Lord."
The Rod Out of the Stem of Jesse
His First Advent – Isaiah 11:1-3;Isaiah 7:14; 9:6; -10
1. He is A Rod Out of the Stem of Jesse
2. He will have Full Measure of the Holy Spirit
Isaiah 11:2; Luke 4:1; Luke 4:14; John 1:3;
His Second Advent – Isaiah 11:4-12:6
3. He Will Be A Righteous Ruler
4. He Will Bring Us Back To Eden – No More Curse
Isaiah 11:6-9; Romans 8:18-25; Revelation 22:3
5. He Will Bring This About With The Knowledge of the Lord Filling All The Earth
5. He Will Draw all Peoples To Himself – Judah, Israel, and Gentiles
Isaiah 11:10; Philippians 2:9-11; John 3:14-15; Matthew 24:31
6. He Will Recover The Remnant of His People
7. There Will Be A Great New Exodus