Coachlight Bible Study - David Ė Type Of The King



David is a type of the Lord Jesus, especially in his role as King over Israel. The Messiah was known as the Son of David and this is firmly established in the New Testament in various passages. In fact the last description ofJesus in the Bible is in


Revelation22: 16I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.


Here Jesus Himself says that He is a descendant of David.


I. We See The Battle Between David and Goliath


1 Samuel 17: 1Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim.

1 Samuel 17: 2And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. {setÖ: Heb. ranged the battle}

1 Samuel 17: 3And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.

1 Samuel 17: 4And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.

1 Samuel 17: 5And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. {armed: Heb. clothed}

1 Samuel 17: 6And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. {target: or, gorget}

1 Samuel 17: 7And the staff of his spear was like a weaverís beam; and his spearís head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.


A. Iím sure everyone knows the story of David and Goliath

1. but do you know this battle gives us a glimpse of the battle Jesus won on our behalf?

2. The scene starts with the worst enemy imaginable standing and taunting the army of Israel for over 40 days.

a. This guy was over nine feet tall,

b. Completely laid with bronze armor and weapons,

c. No one in Israel wanted to have anything to do with him

3. Bronze in the Bible consistently speaks of judgment

B. In Goliath we have a type of our enemy today, the Devil.

II. We See Only One Representative


1 Samuel17: 8And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.

1 Samuel17: 9If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.

1 Samuel17: 10And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.

1 Samuel17: 11When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.


A. The entire Philistine and Israelite armies went out to face each other

1. everyone knew this was not going to be an ordinary battle

a.You see, in the end the winner would be determined by one person on each side.

b. In Goliathís own words, Israel had to choose a man

c. If he were able to kill Goliath then the Philistines would become Israelís servants.

d. But if Goliath won than all of Israel would come under and serve the Philistines.

2. Because so much was riding on this battle, no wonder no one from Israel would go forth and fight!

B. Iím sure you can see the picture Ė Jesus Christ was our representative in the greatest spiritual battle that has ever taken place.

1. If He won then His victory would be our victory

2. but if He lost then we would lose forever, becoming a servant of our enemy forever

C. It is no secret That Jesus was our representative in this battle in the New Testament

D. It spells out clearly how our victory rests upon Christís work.


Romans5: 18Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. {by the offenceÖ: or, by one offence} {by the righteousnessÖ: or, by one righteousness}

Romans5:19For as by one manís disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.

1 Corinthians 15:14And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

1 Corinthians 15:15Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

1 Corinthians 15:16For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

1 Corinthians 15:17And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins


E. The enemy loomed large and all of Israel was paralysed in fear, unable to move.

F. Goliath was ready to meet the representative from Israel

G. One was soon to be sent


II. We See Him Sent By The Father


1 Samuel 17: 8And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me.

1 Samuel 17:9If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us.

From this passage we see the simple truth that David was sent by his father Jesse to go down into the battle to see how his brothers were. Likewise, when the appointed time had come, the Father sent Jesus down to the battle on earth to look after our welfare!


1 John 4: 14And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world.


III. We See Him Rejected By His Brothers


1 Samuel 17: 28And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliabís anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.


A. David would prove to be Israelís saviour but he certainly didnít get much encouragement from his brothers

B. When he got to the battle

1. Davidís oldest brother Eliab gave him much ridicule

2. He accused David of having a wicked heart.

C. The same for Jesus -He was even rejected by those closest to him.


John 7:5 5For neither did his brethren believe in him.

IV. We See Him Get Strength From Past Experiences


1 Samuel 17: 33And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.

1 Samuel 17:34And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his fatherís sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: {lamb: or, kid}

1 Samuel 17:35And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.

1 Samuel 17:36Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.

1 Samuel 17:37David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.


A. David was able to step out against the enemy because He had learned from previous experiences and trials.

a. He had fought the lion when they had come against his flock

b. He had fought the bear when they had come against his flock.

B. In the ame way the Lord Jesus had to learn from the things He suffered

1. Even though He was God

2. He lived on this earth as a man

3. But in total dependence upon His Father as man had been created to live

4. As a man He had to learn obedience!


Hebrews 5: 8Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;


V. We See That His Victory Is Our Victory


1 Samuel 17: 51Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.

1 Samuel 17: 52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron.

1 Samuel 17: 53And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents.


A. The best news of all was known as soon as David won the battle

1.All of Israel participated in the victory.

2. Davidís victory was their victory

B. It is just like that with Jesus and His victory on the cross

1. The victory He won is our victory when we believe in Him

2.The apostle Paul in Romans puts it this wayÖ

Romans 5:19For as through the one manís disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.



VI. We See The King In Exile


1 Samuel 22: 1David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his fatherís house heard it, they went down thither to him.

1 Samuel 22:2And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. {was in debt: Heb. had a creditor} {discontented: Heb. bitter of soul}

A. Another great picture for us.

1. David has been anointed by the Spirit and proclaimed to be King in Israel through Godís prophet Samuel.

2. Yet we do not see him reigning yet.

3. In fact, He is a King in exile while another King

a.Saul, whom God has rejected still

b. seems to have authority over the throne

c. Judgement has been pronounced upon King Saul because of his pride and disobedience

d. But for the mean time he still reigns

B. Here is the picture

1. We live in a world with its ruler, Satan

a. called the God of this world

b. called the prince of the power of the air

2. Satan has been judged because of his pride and disobedience

3. This happened at the cross as we read


Colossians 2: 15And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. {in it: or, in himself}


C. Even though Jesus is the true King, like David was in this passage

1. As yet we donít see Jesus reigning upon this earth.

2. He is a King in exile so to speak.

a. His Kingdom shall be upon this earth, and He will reign

b. But as yet we do not see the evidence of this.

D. We wait by faith for we know shall occur at the seventh and last trumpet of Revelation.


Revelation 11: 15And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

VII. We See Where We Fit In This Picture


A. We are mentioned here


1 Samuel22:2And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men. {was in debt: Heb. had a creditor} {discontented: Heb. bitter of soul}


B. Most of us come to believe in the Lord Jesus, because of

1. Distress

2. Debt

3. Discontent

VII. We See Rewards


A. Davidís group was quite a group

1. But he became their captain and leader

2. Those ordinary men did many deeds of valour

3. David didnít need their ability

4. But he did need their commitment and availability.

B. It is exactly the same with Christ

1. Our Lord Jesus has a habit of choosing ordinary men and women

2. And they do extra-ordinary things.

3. Not because they are gifted or strong in themselves

4. But because Jesus Himself is the One Who

a. Teaches

b. Leads

c. Empowers them for what He calls them to do


C. Following David meant associating with one who wasnít popular.

1. It meant trials, and hardship,

2. But once David came into his kingdom, it was all completely worth it

D. It is exactly the samewith us.

1. It can be strange living in a world while following a different king

2. A King Who is the rightful ruler,

3. But One Who has not come to take possession of His kingdom yet.

E. But we know, like Davidís men, the rightful King will one day come into His kingdom

F. We shall be rewarded for our service.

G. If you read I Chronicles chapters 11 and 12. you will notice how everyone who helped David is named and rewarded

H. It will be the same for us†††


Revelation 22:12And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

David Ė A Type of Christ



1. The Battle With Goliath On Israelís Behalf.I Samuel 17:1-7

1. Jesus Won The Battle On Our Behalf. Romans 5:19

2. Israelís Only Representative Against Their Enemy.

I Samuel 17:8-11

2. Our Only Representative Against Our Enemy.

Romans 5:18-19

3. He Was Sent By his father.

I Samuel 17:8-9

3. He Was Sent By His Father.

I John 4:14

4. He Was Rejected By His Brethren

I Samuel 17:8

4. He Was Rejected Even By Those Closest To Him.

John 7:5

5. He Learned From Previous Experiences And Trials.

I Samuel 17:33-37

5. Jesus Had To Learn From The Things He Suffered.

Hebrews 5:8

6. Davidís Victory Was Israelís Victory.

I Samuel 17:51

6. Christís Victory Is Our Victory.

Romans 5:19

7. David Was In Exile After Victory Before He Reigns.

I Samuel 22:1-2

7. Christ Triumphed And Will Reign After The Tribulation. Colossians 2:15;

Revelation 11:15

8. David Needed Israelís Commitment, Not Their Abilities. I Samuel 22:2;

8. Christ Doesnít Need Our Individual Abilities, Only Our Commitment

9. David Handed Out Rewards For Those Who Helped Him Build His Kingdom

I Chronicles Chapters 11-12

9. Christ Has Crowns (Rewards) for Our Works Before The Marriage of The Bride

Revelation 22:12