The Davidic Covenant

The Abrahamic Covenant, as far as eschatology goes, lies in the words, Land and Seed.The land promises are enlarged and confirmed through the Palestinian Covenant.In the Davidic Covenant, God is enlarging and confirming the Seed promises.

 

 

II Samuel 7:12And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.

II Samuel 7:13He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

II Samuel 7:14I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

II Samuel 7:15But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

II Samuel 7:16And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

II Samuel 7:17According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

 

Psalms 89:3I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant,

Psalms 89:4Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.

 

Jeremiah 33: 22As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.

Jeremiah 33: 25Thus saith the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth;

Jeremiah 33:26Then will I cast away the seed of Jacob, and David my servant, so that I will not take any of his seed to be rulers over the seed of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: for I will cause their captivity to return, and have mercy on them.

 

I. Historical Background for the Davidic Covenant

A. David was given power and authority to be king of Israel

B. David lived in a house of cedar.

C. It did not seem right that God lived in a house of skins.

D. David wanted to build God a house.

E. David was not permitted to build it because he was a man of war.

F. Solomon would build the Lordís house.

G. God makes promises to David about the perpetuity of his house.

II. The Provisions of the Davidic Covenant

A. David is to have a child, yet to be born

B. The child will succeed him and establish his kingdom

C. This son will build the temple.

D. The throne of his kingdom will be forever

E. The throne will not be taken away even though Solomanís sins would justify it.

F. Davidís house, throne, and kingdom will be established forever.

III. The Davidic Covenant is obviously unconditional

A. The only conditional element is wheather or not Davidís descendants would continually occupy the throne Ė sin could could cause chastening.

B. David anticipated that there would be an unbroken sucession

1. David foretold the overthrow of his kingdom

 

Psalms 89:38But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

Psalms 89:39Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

Psalms 89:40Thou hast broken down all his hedges; thou hast brought his strong holds to ruin.

Psalms 89:41All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbours.

Psalms 89:42Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.

Psalms 89:43Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and hast not made him to stand in the battle.

Psalms 89:44Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground. {glory: Heb. brightness}

Psalms 89:45The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.

 

2. He foretold the overthrow before the realization of the promise.

 

Psalms 89: 20I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:

Psalms 89:21With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him.

Psalms 89:22The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him.

Psalms 89:23And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him.

Psalms 89:24But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted.

Psalms 89:25I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.

Psalms 89:26He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.

Psalms 89:27Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.

Psalms 89:28My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.

Psalms 89:29His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.

 

C. David still anticipates the fulfillment of the promise

 

Psalms 89: 46How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?

Psalms 89: 47Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain?

Psalms 89: 48What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.

Psalms 89: 49Lord, where are thy former lovingkindnesses, which thou swarest unto David in thy truth?

Psalms 89: 50Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people;

Psalms 89: 51Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O LORD; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed.

Psalms 89: 52Blessed be the LORD for evermore. Amen, and Amen.

 

D. Such was the faith of David Ė Again he belived God, not just believed in GodE. Hallelujah Ė We are no longer strangers, but heirs to the promise.

 

Galatians 3:7Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

Galatians 3:8And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.

Galatians 3:9So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.