Coachlight Bible Study – Daniel Chapter 5

The Silver Overthrows The Gold


Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson is on the throne of Babylon, throwing a drunken party, dishonoring Daniel’s God, and worshiping the gods of gold & silver. Belshazzar’s party left the river gates defenseless allowing the Medes and Persians to overthrow the empire.  The study of the downfall of Babylon is a type of the rebellious people towards God in the Tribulation Period, when mystery Babylon and Babylon the Great is destroyed for ever.


I. Background History of Babylon

A. The founder of Babylon was Nimrod – (Genesis 10:8-10)

1. The great-grandson of Noah

2. Over 2000 years before Christ

3. Nimrod was a Hamite

B. The founder of Nineveh was Asshur

1.  A son of Shem – (Genesis 10:11, 22)

2. Nineveh became the capital of Assyria

a. BC 1270 - Assyrian kings became masters of Chaldea, or Babylonia

b. Babylon was the capital

c. Several centuries - history of Babylon overshadowed by Nineveh’s

C. Nabonassar ascended the throne of Babylon

1. In BC 747

2. In the time of Tiglath-pileser of Assyria

D. Berodach-baladan became king of Babylon

1.  About BC 720

2. Sent ambassadors to Hezekiah (II Kings 20:12-18, Isaiah 39:1-7)

E. Sargon - a Few Years Later

1. King of Assyria

2. Sacked & Deported Israel to Ninevah – BC 721

3. Defeated and dethroned Berodach-baladan

F. Sennacherib - A few years later

1. Completed the subjection of Babylon

2. Annexed Babylon to the Assyrian Empire BC 690

G. Cyaxeres the Mede & his ally Nabopolassar - Rebellious governor of Babylon

1. Overthrew Nineveh and took over the Assyrian Empire

2. Effected about B C 625 founded the Babylonian Empire

3. Reigned from B. C. 625 to B. C. 605.

H. Nabopolassar succeeded by his more famous son Nebuchadnezzar

1. Greatest king of ancient times

2. Rebuilt and beautified the city of Babylon

II. Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon - Most Magnificent City Ever Seen

The City Plans

A. Babylon was built a square with each side 15 miles – 60 mile perimeter

B. Surrounded by a brick wall

1. 87 feet thick – On top 6 chariots could drive along side of each other

2. 350 feet high

C. The walls contained 250 towers

D. Outside this wall was a vast ditch or moat surrounding the city

1. Kept filled with water from the river Euphrates

2. Crossed by draw-bridges in front of the gates.

E. Inside the wall was a narrower wall extending around the city

F. 50 Magnificent Avenues Crossed inside the walls

1. 25 avenues, 150 feet wide, ran across the city from north to south

2. 25 avenues crossed them at right angles from east to west

3. They made 676 great squares, each nearly 3/5  mile on a side

G. Another wide avenue also ran around the city

1. Inside the walls, and close to them

2. The cross avenues emptied into them

H. 2 leafed Gates of Brass built into the walls

1. At the ends of the cross avenues

2. Would shine when opened or closed

a. With the rising or setting sun

b. Shine like leaves of flame.

I. The Euphrates River flowed Diagonally across Babylon

1. Divided into two equal parts

2. The river’s banks were walled and pierced with the gates at the main avenues. 

a. Wharves lined the river on each side in the city & between the walls

b. Ferry boats crossed the river at each of the main avenues

c. A Spectacular bridge spanned the river at the central avenue

J. A Palace at the each end of the bridge

1. Connected by a subterranean passageway, or "tube," underneath the river

2. Banquet rooms of brass at different points

K. The Chapel located near one of the Palaces – 660 Feet High

1. Made up of 8 towers

2. Each 75 feet high, rising one upon the other

3. With an outside winding stairway to the top

4. Had the most expensive furniture of any place of worship in the world.

a. One "Golden Image" alone, 45 feet high

b. Was valued at $17,500,000

c. The religious paraphernalia thought to be worth $200,000,000

The Hanging Gardens – From A Distance Had The Appearance of Forrest Covered Mountains Seen Nowhere else in Around


A. One of the "Seven Wonders" of the ancient world

B. 400 feet square - Raised in terraces one above the other

1. To the height of 350 feet

2. Reached by stairways ten feet wide

C. Top of each terrace was covered with large stone slabs

1. A bed of rushes on top

2. Then a thick layer of asphalt

3. Next two courses of brick cemented together

4. Finally plates of lead to prevent leakage

5. The whole thing was covered with earth

a. Planted with shrubbery

b. Planted with large trees

D. Built by Nebuchadnezzar to please his wife

1. Amyitis – Cyaxeres’ Daughter -  king of the mountain country of Media

2. She was more contented with her surroundings


The Rest Of The City - In Its Glory And Magnificence, In Keeping With These Palaces, Towers, And "Hanging Gardens"


A. Contained many parks

B. There was much unoccupied land that could be tilled

C. This helped support  the over 1,000,000 population

D. Isaiah calls it:


Isaiah 13:19 ¶ And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees’ excellency…


The Feast


II. Belshazzar Praises False Gods


Daniel 5:1 ¶ Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand.

Daniel 5:2 Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein.

Daniel 5:3 Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which was at Jerusalem; and the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them.

Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.

A. Belshazzar made a great Feast to 1000 of his lords - BC

1. Sent for the vessels Nebuchadnezzar took from the Jerusalem Temple

2. So that he and his princes, his wives and his concubines, might drink therein.

3. They praised the gods of gold, and of silver, brass, iron, wood, and stone

B. “His father Nebuchadnezzar” – Actually his grandfather

1. Nebuchadnezzar - succeeded at his death, BC 561, by his son Evil-Merodach

a. Liberated Jehoiachin, king of Judah, from prison

b. Fed him from his own table. (II Kings 25:27-30. Jeremiah. 52:31-34)

2. Evil-Merodach was put to death after 2 year reign

a. By conspirators wanting the throne

b. Led by Neriglissar -  his brother-in-law

1. Ascended the throne

2. Reigned for about four years

3. Killed in battle in the year BC 556.

3. Laborosoarchod - Neriglissar’s son succeeded him

a. A retarded child

b. King for less than a year -  was beaten to death

4. Nabonidus (or Nabonnaid) married the widow of Neriglissar

a. Took the throne

b. Reigned from BC 555 to the Fall of Babylon in BC 538

c. Jeremiah prophesied about Nebuchadnezzar:


Jeremiah 27:7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son’s son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.


C. Belshazzar second in command in Babylonia

1. Reigned with his father Nabonidus

2. Nabonidus away on some military expedition - left Belshazzar in charge

3. Feasts common in Babylon, but this Feast was no common Feast.


D. There is no feast like it recorded in history.

1. Turning point in history of Babylon

a. BC 538 – 23 years after Nebuchadnezzar’s death

b. From  the "Head of Gold" to the "Arms and Breast of Silver" of the Image

c. From the "Lion" to the "Bear" of prophecy in  Daniel 7:1-5

2. The Feast of Belshazzar - given in defiance to God

a. The city was in a state of siege - But the walls of the city were impregnable

b. The armies of the Medes and Persians were camped outside its walls

1. Belshazzar felt secure

2. The drawbridges were drawn up

3. The brazen gates barred

4. Belshazzar was confident he had soldiers on the walls

c. Contempt to God and camped army outside



III. Belshazzr Sees The Handwriting of God


Daniel 5:5 In the same hour came forth fingers of a man’s hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king’s palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote.

Daniel 5:6 Then the king’s countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another


A. The Hand of God appeared

1. With its finger silently wrote

a. In mystic characters

b. On the wall over against the lighted Candlestick

2. Could be clearly seen by all Belshazzar”s guests

B. It was no hallucination – It was the doom of Babylon

1. It sobered the King

2. Filled him with fear- joints of his loins loosed – knees knocked


III. Belshazzar Calls For An Interpreter


Daniel 5:7 The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spake, and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.

Daniel 5:8 Then came in all the king’s wise men: but they could not read the writing, nor make known to the king the interpretation thereof.

Daniel 5:9 Then was king Belshazzar greatly troubled, and his countenance was changed in him, and his lords were astonied.



A. Made a decree because of his fear

1. Wanted someone to read the writing

2. Wanted someone to interpret the writing

B. The reward for reading and interpreting the writing

1. Be clothed with scarlet

2. Have a gold chain around his neck

3. Be a third part ruler in Babylon

C. The "Wise Men" of Babylon fail again - could not interpret the writing

1. Some say it was a language they did not know

2. The real reason - takes a "Man Of God" to interpret the Words Of God

D. The Caldeean’s failure

1. Troubled the King

2. His countenance was changed

3. His lords were astonished

4. They also saw that the "handwriting on the wall"

IV. Belshazzar Hears The Queen


Daniel 5:10 ¶ Now the queen, by reason of the words of the king and his lords, came into the banquet house: and the queen spake and said, O king, live for ever: let not thy thoughts trouble thee, nor let thy countenance be changed:

Daniel 5:11 There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers;

Daniel 5:12 Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and shewing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he will shew the interpretation.


A. The party changed to terror

B. The Queen came in to find out what the commotion was about

1. The queen undoubtedly remembered Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel

2. the Queen made of the word "father." instead of "grandfather,"

3. In Semetic languages there are no words for "grandfather," or "grandson."

C. The Queen told Belshazzar to call Daniel

1. He had helped Nebuchadnezzar

2. He has an excellent Spirit in him

3. Has knowledge and understanding – interprets dreams and hard sayings

D. Babylon’s Fall predicted in Bible and described in secular history

1. Herodotus, Xenophon, Berossus, Babylonian Chronicles, & the Cyrus Cylinder

2. Isaiah and Jeremiah fall (Isaiah. 13:17-22; 21:1-10; 47:1-5; Jeremiah 51:33-58).

E. The Persians diverted The Euphrates - flowed south through Babylon

1. Into an ancient lake located to the north.

2. This allowed them to walk into the city on the river bed

3. They scaled the undefended walls that flanked the river.


"Hereupon the Persians who had been left for the purpose at Babylon by the river-side, entered the stream, which had now sunk so as to reach about midway up a man's thigh, and thus got into the town. Had the Babylonians been appraised of what Cyrus was about, or had they noticed their danger, they would never have allowed the Persians to enter the city, but would have destroyed them utterly; for they would have made fast all the street-gates which gave upon the river, and mounting upon the walls along both sides of the stream, would so have caught the enemy as it were in a trap. But, as it was, the Persians came upon them by surprise and took the city. Owing to the vast size of the place, the inhabitants of the central parts (as the residents at Babylon declare), long after the outer portions of the town were taken, knew nothing of what had chanced, but as they were engaged in a festival, continued dancing and reveling until they learnt the capture but too certainly." - Herodotus


V. Belshazzar Calles Daniel


Daniel 5:13 Then was Daniel brought in before the king. And the king spake and said unto Daniel, Art thou that Daniel, which art of the children of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of Jewry?

Daniel 5:14 I have even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods is in thee, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom is found in thee.

Daniel 5:15 And now the wise men, the astrologers, have been brought in before me, that they should read this writing, and make known unto me the interpretation thereof: but they could not shew the interpretation of the thing:

Daniel 5:16 And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make interpretations, and dissolve doubts: now if thou canst read the writing, and make known to me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about thy neck, and shalt be the third ruler in the kingdom.

Daniel 5:17 Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give thy rewards to another; yet I will read the writing unto the king, and make known to him the interpretation.

Daniel 5:18 O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour:

Daniel 5:19  And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:

Daniel 5:21 And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild asses: they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of men, and that he appointeth over it whomsoever he will.

Daniel 5:22 And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this;

Daniel 5:23 But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:

Daniel 5:24 Then was the part of the hand sent from him; and this writing was written.







VI. Daniel Interprets The Handwriting on the wall


Daniel 5:25 And this is the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN.

Daniel 5:26 This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it.

Daniel 5:27 TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.

Daniel 5:28 PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.

Daniel 5:29 Then commanded Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with scarlet, and put a chain of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.


A. The writing was in Aramaic

1.  The letters are arranged in Acrostic style

2. Mystified the Chaldeans - could make no sense of the words

a. Would read from right to left - as Hebrew and Aramaic

b. Or from left to right -  as other languages

c. Daniel read from top to bottom, beginning at the right

B. While interpreting Daniel changes the word Upharsin to Peres

1. Peres is the singular of Upharsin.- helps the interpretation

2. The consonants  P-R-S  - also could mean Persians

3. Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin in English - Numbered, Numbered, Weighed, Divisions

4. Daniel interpreted them

a. MENE—"God hath numbered thy Kingdom, and finished it."

b. TEKEL—"Thou art weighed in the balances and art found wanting."

c. PERES—"Thy Kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians."

C. Below from the Talmud















D. Belshazzar probably didn’t expect the prophecy fulfilled soon

1 Clothed Daniel with scarlet

2. Put a chain of gold about his neck

3. Made a proclamation that he should be the 3rd Ruler

a. Belshazzar himself was the 2nd ruler

b. His father Nabonidus was the 1st ruler

4. To Daniel it was an empty honor – He knew God’s Word is true

VII. Babylon’s Fall


Daniel 5:30 ¶ In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.

Daniel 5:31 And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old.

Daniel 6:1 ¶ It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom an hundred and twenty princes, which should be over the whole kingdom;


A. Darius the Mede didn’t take Babylon

B. It was captured by Cyrus

1.  Out of courtesy – Made his uncle governor – Darius, king of Media

a. Because Media was the older of the two Kingdoms

b. Because Cyrus had some other military campaigns

2. Darius ruled for two years.

C. Daniel made first of 120 princes Darius set over Medo-Persia

VII. Taking Babylon

A. War breaks out 2 years after Nebuchadnezzar’s death

1.  Between the Babylonians and the Medes

2. Continued off and on for over twenty years

B. Cyaxares, king of the Medes

1. Also called Darius

2. Helped his nephew, Cyrus, the Persian

C. Cyrus takes over Babylon

1. In the seventeenth year of Nabonidus

2. The third year of Belshazzar

D. The Babylonians were not worried about Cyrus

1. They had provisions to last them for years

2. Enough tillable soil to reinforce the provision

E. False Security.

1. 175 years before God said (before Cyrus was born) he would take the city


Isaiah 44:28 That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.

Isaiah 45:1 ¶ Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;

Isaiah 45:2 I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:

Isaiah 45:3 And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel.

Isaiah 45:4 For Jacob my servant’s sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called

thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.


2. When God sets the time - the strongest fortress will fall


F. Cyrus realized the futility of attacking the city – Used Strategy

1. Drained the  Euphrates flowing through the city

2. Marched his soldiers in on the river bed

G. Cyrus divided his army into three Divisions – Divide & Conquer

1. The 1st diverted the river Euphrates at the right time

2. The 2nd stationed where the river entered the city on the north

3. The 3rd was stationed where the river left the city on the south

a. The 2nd & 3rd entered the channel as soon as the water was low enough

b. Marched toward each other until they met at the Palace

H. Easily could have been a failure

1. If the city wasn’t all drunk

2. If the guards had not been carelessness

3. The brass gates were left unbolted

4. The water level through the city should have been an alarm

I. Cyrus’ soldiers of Cyrus took possession of the city

1. Stormed the Palace

2. Killed Belshazzar

3. The rebellion to God cost Belshazzar his life - and Babylon’s fall

4. The seventy years captivity was over – BC 536


VIII. The Rebuilding Of Babylon – Important To Future Events


A. This is seen in the 17th & 18th chapters of the Book of Revelation

1. The 17th speaks of Woman

a. Called "Mystery, Babylon the Great

b. Mother of Harlots and Abominations of the Earth

2. The 18th chapter speaks of a City

a. A literal city

b. Called Babylon the Great

 B. The Woman and the City are not the same – Chapter 18, “After these things”

1The Woman is destroyed by the Ten Kings

2. The Kings in 18:9 - bewail and lament the city’s destruction of the City

a. It’s not destroyed by them

b. It’s destroyed by a Mighty Earthquake And Fire – Revelation 18:9, 21

3. The woman & the city are announced by different angels

a. The events of 17th chapter seventeen are announced by a Vial Angel

b The 18th  announced by another angel

4. The woman destroyed 3 ½ years before the city – Revelation 14:8

C. Ancient Babylon was destroyed, but will be rebuilt before the 2nd Advent

D. Babylon’s destruction is in Isaiah 13 – 14 & Jeremiah 50 - 51.

E. Many prophecies of Babylon have not been fulfilled yet





IX. History of Babylon From Cyrus (BC 536)

A. Cyrus was so quick – some didn’t know of the change for 3 days

B. BC 516 Revolted against Darius Hystaspis

C. About BC 478 Xerxes – Almost destroyed the Temple of Bell

D. BC 331 Alexander the Great came to Babylon

1. Then the city was very powerful

2. Decided to bring all his forces to crush any resistance

3. Babylon received him happily

4. Vowed he would rebuild the temple of Bel

a. He sacrificed to Bel first

b. He kept 10,000 men there to clear the ruins of the temple

c. Intended to make Babylon his capitol

d. Drank himself to death at age 33

E. Babylon came under the power of the Seleucus

1. There was wars between Alexander’s 4 generals first

2. Wanted to build a Capital for himself

3. Founded Seleucia by Babylon about BC 293

a. This rival city gradually drew off the people of Babylon

b. Strabo (died in 25 A D) said Babylon was almost deserted

F. There was still Jews left from the Captivity

1. Remained in large numbers

2. 60 A D 60 we find the Apostle Peter working among them

3. Peter wrote his first epistle from Babylon - I Peter. 5:13

G. 5th century primarily Jews

1. Theodoret says that Babylon was almost all Jews

2. They still had 3 Jewish Universities

3. "Babylonian Talmud" issued

a. In the last year of the entury

b. Recognized by  Jews from all over

H. 917 AD lbu Hankel says it was insignificant

I. 1100 AD Babylon rose again to some importance

1. It was known as the "Two Mosques."

2. Shortly afterwards it was enlarged, fortified, and called Hillah. 

J. 1898 Hillah had 10,000 inhabitants

1. was surrounded by fertile lands

2. Had many date groves along the Euphrates.

K. Today people are living there and rebuilding is happening:


“The present site consists of several mounds which cover the remains of Nebuchadnezzar’s summer palace, the Ishtar Gate and a further palace complex, the Temple of Marduk and the ziggurat, and a residential area. A reconstruction has been made of the Ishtar Gate, and other works are being carried out by the Iraqi government”

(Quoted in January 2003 from 



X. Specific Prophecies About Babylon’s Destruction


A. We can not say about Babylon so far


Isaiah 13:20  It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there.


Jeremiah 51:26 And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.

Jeremiah 51:43  Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.


1. Many towns and cities have been built from the ruins of Babylon:

1. Seleucia, built by the Greeks

2. Ctesiphon, by the Parthians

3. Al Maiden, by the Persians

4.  Kufa, by the Caliphs

2. Hillah was built intirely from the debris

3. In houses of Bagdad - Babylonian stamped bricks are seen often


B. But Isaiah gives a specific time for the prophecy to be fulfilled


Isaiah 13:9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.


1. He calls it the ‘Day of The Lord’ 

a. The ‘Day of the Lord’ takes in the Tribulation Period and the Millennium 

b. Isaiah says when Babylon will be destroyed


Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.


2. None of these things happened when Babylon was taken by Cyrus in BC 538

3. They haven’t happened since

4. The darkening of the "Heavenly Bodies"

a. Tells us it is at the close of "The Great Tribulation,"

b. Foretold by Christ in The Olivet Discourse - Matthew 24:29-30

c. The time of the Seventh Vial - Revelation 16:17-19.

5. The destruction of the city of Babylon given in Revelation 18

a. we read that her judgment will come in One Hour verse 10

b. In One Hour she shall be made desolate verse 19

c. The complete and sudden destruction is explained


Revelation 18: 21 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.


6.  Also in the same chapter she will be destroyed by fire. Revelation 18:8,9,18

7. This is in exact harmony with the words of Isaiah 13:19-22


Isaiah 13:19 ¶ And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees’ excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah.

Isaiah 13:20 It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there.

Isaiah 13:21 But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.

Isaiah 13:22 And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.


8. Jeremiah says the same thing –


Jeremiah 50:40 As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.


a. Sodom and Gomorrah’s destruction took a few minuets - Genesis 19:24-28

b. As ancient Babylon is not destroyed, the prophecies of Isaiah and Jeremiah cannot be fulfilled unless Babylon is rebuilt

9. Babylon will be destroyed by earthquake - Revelation 16: 17-19

a. As Sodom and Gomorrah burnt then swallowed by an earthquake

b. So Babylon will be burnt (Remember that under Babylon is Bitumen or Asphalt)

c. Babylon like a Millstone will sink and be swallowed up - Revelation 18:21 

d. It will be impossible to ever take any of her stones for building

e. The land will become a Wilderness where no man will ever live.

11. Before It is destroyed

a. As Sodom & Gomorra couldn’t be destroyed until Lot left – Genesis 19:22

b. So God will call His righteous people out – Revelation 18:4

10. The Vision of the Ephah in Zechariah (Zechariah 5:5-11) is further proof that Babylon will be rebuilt and become a wicked commercial center



XI. How Could The Day Of The Lord Happen At Any Moment If Babylon Has To Be Rebuilt First?

A. Christ’s Second Advent will be in two stages


1. 1st Stage - He will not touch down but stop in the Air


a. All born again believers will be caught up to Him


I Thessalonians 4:13 ¶ But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.

I Thessalonians 4:14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.

I Thessalonians 4:15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.

I Thessalonians 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

I Thessalonians 4:17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

I Thessalonians 4:18 Wherefore comfort one another with these words.


b. They will stand before the ‘bema’ or Judgment Seat of Christ – Rewards


II Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

I Corinthians 3:11 ¶ For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.

I Corinthians 3:12 Now if any man build upon this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble;

I Corinthians 3:13 Every man’s work shall be made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort it is.

I Corinthians 3:14 If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.

I Corinthians 3:15  If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.


c. Then the Church will be married to Christ

2. 2nd He Will Touch Down And We’ll Be With Him


a. Then will be the Marriage Supper of the Lamb


Revelation 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.

Revelation 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.

Revelation 19:9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.


b. Then He will come with the saints (the Church) to Judge the Nations

Matthew 25:31- 46


c. Then He will set up His Millennial Kingdom.  This will be the "Second Stage" of His Coming, and will be visible.


3. Between these 2 Stages there will be at least 7 Years -  The last week of Daniel's Seventy Weeks (chapter 9.) 


XII. Babylon’s Downfall – A Type of the unbelieving world


A. In many respects, modern civilization is much like ancient Babylon

1. With it’s architectual monuments

2. With as much security as human hands and ingenuity could make it

B. It willbe defenseless against the judgment of God at the proper hour.

1. As much as Babylon fell on the sixteenth day of Tishri

(October 11 or 12 on BC 539, as in the Nabonidus Chronicle)

2. So the world will be overtaken by disaster when the day of the Lord comes (1Thessalonians 5:1-3; Revelation 19:15-16).

C. The disaster of the world does not overtake the child of God - Daniel survived and emerges as one of the presidents of the new kingdom in chapter 6

The Day of the Lord – In Two Stages

  Isaiah 13:9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.


First Stage             Second Stage


Judgment Seat of Christ

Marriage of the Lamb



of the



Destruction of the woman

Second Advent with the Wife

Marriage Supper

Destruction of the City

Fulfillment of the Covenant to Abraham

All of Christ’s are heirs to Abraham’s Promise


Church Age

7 year Tribulation





Ancient Babylon