Coachlight Bible Study – Genesis Lesson XXIX – Chapters 16-17

Testing of the Covenant – Circumcision of the Heart


Matthew 24:13 But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.


Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:


Genesis 15:7 And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it.

Genesis 15:8 And he said, Lord GOD, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?

Genesis 15:9 And he said unto him, Take me an heifer of three years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of three years old, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.

Genesis 15:10 And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

Genesis 15:11 And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away.

Genesis 15:12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Genesis 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

Genesis 15:15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.

Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Genesis 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. {a burning…: Heb. a lamp of fire}

Genesis 15:18  In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Genesis 15:19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,

Genesis 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,

Genesis 15:21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.


I. The Confirmation Of The Covenant– (Genesis 15:7-21) – In response to Abraham’s faith (verse 6), God entered into a covenant with him, assuring him while revealing still more of the meaning of the divine promises concerning him and his seed.

A. The Foundation Of The Covenant – (verse 7) – The basis of the covenant was God’s character and revelation to Abraham. On this foundation everything else rested.


1. How was it introduced?By the announcement of the divine name: “I

am Jehovah.” – This is the all of all. God’s unchanging presence and character.

2. Then came the reminder of what God had already done for Abraham – “That

brought thee out of Ur of the Caldees.”

3. Then came the renewal of the divine purpose. “To give this land, to inherit it.” God again reminds Abraham of His divine purpose.

B.  The Desire For The Covenant – (verse 8) – Abraham met this new assurance of

God with an earnest desire for a proof.

1. Abraham sought for knowledge and assurance. “Whereby shall I know?” He

desired an outward guarantee.

2. But his attitude was one of belief.

a. Because he believed, he had a desire for confirmation.

b. He believed God’s Word, but wondered how and when it could be fulfilled.

c. To illustrate this, we can go to the New Testament and see two accounts of revelation, both with almost the same words, but a contrast in faith.


1. First of all, let’s go to the account of Zacharias, as the angel was revealed to Zacharias that his wife, Elizabeth would have a child:


Luke 1:18And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.”


2. Notice the words are almost identical to the words of Abraham. Now, let’s look at the account of the virgin Mary.


Luke 1:34 “Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?”


3. Now let’s notice the attitudes behind these similar words:


a. Mary: “Be it unto me according to Thy Word.” (Luke 1:38)

b. Zacharias: “And behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak…

because thou believest not My Words… “ (Luke 1:20)

c. Abraham: “And He counted it to him for righteousness.” (Genesis 15:6)

C. The Preparation Of The Blood Covenant – (verses. 9&10) – God gave instructions, “Take for Me an heifer…” Abraham then proceeded with the requirements of a covenant. “Took… divided.”  (Leviticus 1:6). Having divided the animals, he places the pieces opposite each other, and one bird opposite to the other, leaving a pathway between them.

1. This was the customary form of agreement or contract. Two parties

walking in procession, signifying their agreement. (Jeremiah 34:18).

2. Underlying idea – covenant by means of sacrifice.

3. The blood covenant was a well known method in Abraham’s time for

making an agreement.

D. The Endurance Of The Covenant – (verses 11&12) - FaithfulnessAbraham performed the Word. (The Mindset to receive from God).

1. Kept watch.

2. Kept away the birds of prey.


E. The Message Of The Covenant – (verses13-16) – A revelation of four parts

now is given to Abraham telling him of events to come – things his seed will experience.

1. His seed to experience persecution – (verse 13) – Three elements in this

was: 1. Exile, 2. Bondage, 3. Affliction. Remember Abraham is a type of

the consecrated believer.

2. His seed to witness great power. God was going to show all of those in

Egypt many miracles. (verse 14).

3. Abraham himself is to experience great peace – (verse 15).


Romans 5:1 “Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ…”


4. He is called to exercise patience. (verse 16).


Romans 8:24, 25 “For we are saved by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for what a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? But if we hope for that we see not, then do we with patience wait for it.”


F. The Making Of The Covenant – (verses 17-21) – After the revelation of God’s

will comes the divine assurance in the form of a covenant.

1. Symbolic actions – (verse 17)

a. A cylindrical firepot and a fiery torch to symbolize the presence of God. (Exodus 19). (Smoking Mt. Sinai).

b. The symbol of God passing between the animals ratifying the covenant.

2. Divine Assurance. (verse 18-20) – God now reveals the precise limits of the land promised to Abraham.

a. It seems pretty clear that the two rivers referred to are a wadi in West Israel, and the Euphrates, thus giving boundaries to the Holy Land that have never yet been realized.

b. God’s promises still await their fulfillment will be realized during the Millennium


II. Justification by Faith or Works - Justification is an important concept in God’s plan.  Questions that can come up are, “How am I justified?”; “When am I justified?”; “Who does the justifying?”; or “What do I have to do to be justified?”

To be justified means: to stand before God in a state of righteousness.  Just before the Reformation, Martin Luther struggled with these questions, and finally broke away from the Catholic Church

A. Justification by Faith or Works

1. Martin Luther before he left the Roman Catholic church, was a dedicated servant of the Roman Catholic Church and was taught Justification by works - but had no peace



a. Did many hours of pentence so God would forgive him of his sins

b. Was so afraid to take communion because he thought he was not worth - many hours in confession:

2. He was saved by reading Paul's Epistles - Didn't understand James Epistle


Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:


3. His confusion

a. Romans 3:28 - Paul's declaration of Justification


Romans 3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.


b. James 2:24 - James declaration of Justification


James 2:24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.


c. Both Scriptures use the same Greek word for justified - 1344 dikaiow dikaioo dik-ah-yo’-o



d. Seemingly the same context

1. Romans 4:3 - Abraham being Justified


Romans 4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.


2. James 2:21 - Abraham being Justified


James 2:21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?



e. Does the Bible contradict itself?

1. When does Paul say Abraham was justified?


Romans 4:2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.

Romans 4:3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.

 Abraham was justified when he believed


2. When does James say Abraham was justified?


James 2:21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?

 Abraham was justified when he offered Isaac upon the altar


f. A lesson in interpretation. 

1. While at first is looks like the context of the passage in Romans and the context of the passage in James are the same,

2. And using the same word for “justified”,

3. But, they are different concerning when Abraham was justified.

4. The word dikaiow has two meanings

a. To be declared righteous

b. To show one to be righteous

5. We need the context to determine the meaning in each passage

g. Faith without Works is Dead

1. James 2:14-24

2. Romans 3:23- 5:2

h. Abraham's Works Sealed or Vindicated his Justification – Romans 4:16-5:2

i. Important Exhortations about Justification in Paul's Epistle to the Galatians

1.  If we are of faith, we have the same promise as children of Abraham -

Galatians 3:6-9 

2. Admonishes to Stand fast in your liberty- Galatians 5:1-6 


j. Definition of Justification – Two meanings, we have to look at the context to know author’s intension for the meaning of the word used.


1344 dikaiow dikaioo dik-ah-yo’-o - from 1342; TDNT-2:211,168; v

AV-justify 37, be freed 1, be righteous 1, justifier 1; 40

1) to render righteous or such he ought to be

2) to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered

3) to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be


Genesis 16:1 Now Sarai Abram’s wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.

Genesis 16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.

Genesis 16:3 And Sarai Abram’s wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.

Genesis 16:4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes.

Genesis 16:5  And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.

Genesis 16:6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face. Genesis 16:7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Genesis 16:8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai’s maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.

Genesis 16:9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

Genesis 16:10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.

Genesis 16:11  And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. {Ishmael: that is, God shall hear}

Genesis 16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man’s hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.

Genesis 16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?

Genesis 16:14 Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered. {Beerlahairoi: that is, The well of him that liveth and seeth me}

Genesis 16:15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son’s name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.

Genesis 16:16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.


III. Testing Of The Covenant - Abram Believed God – (Genesis 16) – But didn’t wait For God’s perfect timing

A. The story of Hagar

1. An idea to help God out – (vs. 1-3) – The idea came originally from Sarah.

The long wait was trying, but we have to also consider that came yielded at

the first mention. Important facts:

a. It had not yet been revealed that Sarah was to be the Mother of the

promised Seed.

b. Hagar, as bond slave, was her mistress’s personal property. Any child

born to her would belong to her mistress, not to her.

c. There was evident faith in Sarah’s suggestion. She believed God’s promise to Abraham.

d. This was a common practice in Sarah’s time.

e. Even though Sarah’s motive was good and genuine, and even involved

self-sacrifice, the proposal was wrong.

1. Wrong against God – Whose Word had been given, and Whose time

had not yet come.

2. Wrong against Abraham – Leading him out of the path of waiting on

God’s perfect timing.

3. Wrong against Hagar – Did not recognize her rights or individuality in

the matter.

4. Wrong against Sarah herself – robbing from her a high privilege, as well

as leading to disobedience.

2. The Result – (vs. 4-6) – The outcome of Abraham’s action is soon seen in the effects:

a. Pride – Hagar’s insolence was natural, and even though her reproach of her mistress was insolent, it was also inevitable.

b. Jealousy – Now Sarah blames Abraham, an unfair attitude, stating, “My wrong be upon you.”

c. Misery – Abraham was powerless in this situation because Hagar belonged to Sarah. Not being able to interfere, he had to say, “do as it pleases you.”

d. Injustice – This came upon Hagar, and Sarah “dealt with her hardly.” Hagar was again a slave, but with treatment she had never experienced before.


B. The Intervention – (vs. 7-12) – Man is seen miserable and suffering, by not waiting for God’s perfect timing - God intervenes, with His grace.

1. “The angel found her” – God had not overlooked what had happened and now intervenes in order to bring the best possible results after the error and sin of His children.

2. Submission (vs. 8, 9) – The divine command was that she should return and submit herself. Sarah was still Hagar’s mistress. This submission was the first step toward blessing in her life.

3. It is the same today. If we find ourselves in mistakes the way back is complete submission to the will of God.

4. Assurance of a blessing – God always accompanies His call of  submission with a promise. God promises to bless Hagar’s seed.


C. The far reaching effects of a believer not waiting on the Lord

1. Not waiting on God’s timing is the worst thing that can happen - It very often has wide spread effects. Islam is of course traced back to Abraham’s mistake.

2. This leaves us with two principles:

a. We must wait on God’s timing. God’s will must be realized in

God’s way. The union of faith and patience. (Hebrews 6:12).

b. A close relationship with God. - Discernment would have detected the

danger in Sarah’s suggestion. The protection against this type of error

1. Communication between God and His servant.

2. Prayer and diligent - study of the Word.


Genesis 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. {perfect: or, upright, or, sincere}

Genesis 17:2 And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.

Genesis 17:3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,

Genesis 17:4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. {many…: Heb. multitude of nations}

Genesis 17:5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee. {Abraham: that is, Father of a great multitude}

Genesis 17:6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

Genesis 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

Genesis 17:8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God. {wherein…: Heb. of thy sojournings}

Genesis 17:9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.

Genesis 17:10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.

Genesis 17:11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.

Genesis 17:12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. {he that is eight…: Heb. a son of eight days}

Genesis 17:13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

Genesis 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.

Genesis 17:15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be. {Sarah: that is Princess}

Genesis 17:16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her. {she…: Heb. she shall become nations}

Genesis 17:17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?

Genesis 17:18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!

Genesis 17:19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.

Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.

Genesis 17:21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.

Genesis 17:22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.

Genesis 17:23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.

Genesis 17:24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Genesis 17:25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Genesis 17:26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.

Genesis 17:27 And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.


IV. The Covenant Renewed – (Genesis 17) – Now, 13 years after the trouble with Hagar, Abraham is 99 years old. These 13 years were undoubtedly spent in waiting on the Lord. Now the Lord reveals Himself to Abraham again.

A. El Shaddai – “I am the Almighty God.” first mention   root “power and ability.”

1. New Responsibility – “Walk before Me and be thou perfect.” (Maybe a hint that Abraham was satisfied with Ishmael and no longer anxious about the seed of promise?)

2. Result – “Abraham fell on his face.”

3. Privilege – “God talked with him.”

4. Assurance – “My covenant is with thee.” God reminds Abraham of an already existent covenant and then continues by adding some more of the up coming events of this new covenant.

5. Promises of this new revelation (vs. 4-8).

a. Abraham himself.

b. The land.

c. His seed.

6. Comparison of growth in events.

a. chapter 13 – “As the dust of the earth.”

b. chapter 15 – “As the stars of heaven.”       

c. chapter 17 – “Many nations.”

B. Requirements – (vs. 9-14) – Abraham is now told his part in the matter.  Notice what he had to do was to obey God’s Word. This is another illustration that shows God’s covenant is one sided. God is the giver; man is the receiver, not the equal. There seems to be four ideas associated with the ordinance of circumcision:

1. Designation – as belonging to God.

2. Separation – unto him.

3. Believing His Word

4. Possession by Him – (lead by the Spirit.)

C. Sign of the covenant – circumcision – Abraham’s sign of obedience to God’s Word. The church is also called obedience by the Abrahamic Covenant because we are children of Abraham. The Apostle Paul tells us:


“Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children

of Abraham.” (Galatians 3:7)


1. The Apostle Paul also tells us concerning circumcision, and how the Gospel of Christ calls us to circumcision. Speaking of Christ he writes:


Colossians 2:9-12. “For in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily. And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power: In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.”


2. The Apostle Paul not only tells us that we are justified by faith just like Abraham, but that Abraham was also preached the same gospel.


Galatians 3:8, 9 “And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed. So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.”.


D. Further Revelation – (vs. 15, 16) – Not only Abraham’s, but also his wife’s

name is now changed.

1. Abram means “exalted father,’ – whereas Abraham means “father of a


2. Sarah means “queen of princes” or “mother of princes” and is the

feminine of Sar, whereas Sarai means, “princely.”

3. Now is the first time Sarah is named as the Mother of the promised

seed. God’s promises become more detailed as time goes on.

E. Abraham’s immediate response – (vs. 17, 18) – He receives the new revelation of God with reverence, and yet we can detect a little trustful astonishment.

1. Appeal for Ishmael – Ishmael has grown to be a boy of 13 and naturally won a spot in his father’s heart.

2. God told Abraham that Ishmael was not the promised seed.

3. God promised Abraham that Ishmael would become a great nation.

F. The Obedience Of Abraham – When this period of communication with God ended, Abraham acted in obedience in the circumcision of Ishmael, all his house, and those bought with money.


G. Some New Testament Scripture Concerning Circumcision


Romans 2:25 For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision.

Romans 2:26 Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision?

Romans 2:27 And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law?

Romans 2:28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

Romans 2:29  But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.

Romans 3:30 Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.

Romans 4:9 Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.

Romans 4:10 How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.

Romans 4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:

Romans 4:12 And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.

Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.

Galatians 6:15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.

Ephesians 2:11 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;

Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

Colossians 2:11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ:

Colossians 3:11Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.




Like Abraham, we can respond to the covenant by desiring and believing God’s Word, weather it makes sense or not.  We believe it because it was God Who said it


Like Abraham, we seek God’s guidance for endurance through testing, believing Him through the sanctifying stage, So that we are justified, and bear fruit of righteousness


Eternal Covenants of God with Israel and The Gentiles

Abrahamic Covenant

Expansion Covenants

Promise of A National Land


Genesis 12:1; 13:14-15 & 17

Palestinian Covenant – gave Israel assurance of final, permanent restoration to the land forever

Deuteronomy 30:3-5; Ezekiel 20:33-37, 42-44

Promise of Redemption

National and Universal –


Genesis 12:3; 22:18 & 3:16

New Covenant – Israel’s Spiritual Blessing and Redemption forever

Jeremiah 31:31-40; Hebrews 8:6-13

Promise of Numerous Descendants –

A Great Nation


Genesis 12:3; 13:16;17:2-6

Davidic Covenant –

Dynasty, Nation, Throne forever

II Samuel 7:11, 13, 16

Jeremiah 33:20 & 21; 31:35-37

Christ and the Gentiles – Based not on birth but rather rebirth

Galatians 3:6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness. {accounted: or, imputed}

Galatians 3:7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

Galatians 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.

Galatians 3:9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.

Galatians 3:29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.