Coachlight Bible Study – Genesis Lesson XXVII

The Unbroken Word – Genesis 14:1 – 15:1 – Abraham Lesson 4

 The “word” is one of the greatest concepts of thought.  Man is separated from animals primarily by his ability to figure out and communicate ideas.  Symbolic and abstract language in both spoken and written form is unique with man from creation. 

The primary purpose that God gave man language was to communicate His Will to man, and that man would be able to respond to God in praise.  Because man was created for fellowship with God, and communication is essential for fellowship, it is essential that the Creator somehow speak to man.  God’s Word is of the utmost importance to man, therefore, and nothing else compares to it in creation.


Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.


Psalm 138:2 …. for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.


John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.


We have studied the life of Abraham, and learned how God called him out of a thriving, very comfortable life in Ur and called him His friend.  

We also learned that God brought him close to a mount above the land God had promised to Abram and his Seed, to pitch his tent and to be an example.  He was to be an example to the very Canaanites who lived in the land of promise. Abraham was an example and witness to them by sacrificing to the One God. 

We saw how Abraham was tested to see if he truly believed God’s Word when there was a famine in the Promised Land!  Abraham failed this test, but returned to the altar, being a great example for us today.  In the next test, he was a shining example to his nephew Lot, giving us our first glimpse at the idea of sanctification. 

God renews and adds to His Promise with Abram, and each time Abram is tested.  We must keep in mind that Abram is a type of the consecrated believer, making him an example to us today.

It looks as though Abram lived in comparative quiet and security in Mamre for several years after the separation of Abram and Lot.  Archeologists have confirmed that all the lands were peaceful from Sinai to Syria during Abram’s early years in Canaan.

This calm however ended, and great strife began to breakout with a confederation of kings from the northeast sweeping through the land and conquering everything in their path.  This set of events was very devastating and could have destroyed Abram and his possessions, making God’s promises to Abram completely broken.  But, God’s promises are not breakable.

In this lesson, we will not only take a look into more testing of Abraham.  This time, however, Abram is stronger in the faith, and instead of panic and compromise being the dominant mindset as in Egypt, Abram is more equipped to “pass the test” and victorious able to win what I like to call World War I.


Genesis 14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations;

Genesis 14:2 That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar.

Genesis 14:3 All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea.

Genesis 14:4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

Genesis 14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, {Shaveh…: or, The plain of Kiriathaim}

Genesis 14:6 And the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness. {Elparan: or, The plain of Paran}

Genesis 14:7 And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.

Genesis 14:8 And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim;

Genesis 14:9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.

Genesis 14:10 And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.

Genesis 14:11 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.

Genesis 14:12 And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

Genesis 14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram. {plain: Heb. plains}

Genesis 14:14 And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. {armed: or, led forth} {trained: or, instructed}

Genesis 14:15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.

Genesis 14:16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.






I. World War I – (Genesis Chapter 14)

A. The Kings of the World are at war vs. the king of Sodom – Genesis 14:1-14

B. They captured Abraham’s nephew Lot

C. Abraham is told of the incident - Genesis 14:13

D. Abraham Delivers Lot – “Divide and Conquer” – Genesis 14:14-16


II. An Interview with Two Kings- The hour of success is sometimes a good test of character. - How a man acts at a time of victory often gives a revelation of his character and spiritual power.


Genesis 14:17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale.

Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

Genesis 14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

Genesis 14:21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself. {persons: Heb. souls}

Genesis 14:22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,

Genesis 14:23 That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:

Genesis 14:24 Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.


A. Recognition Of Royalty- Another new experience for Abraham to be met by two kings and to be acknowledged as savior of their countries.

1. Gratitude alone was enough for the king of Sodom to meet Abraham -             Abraham had killed the king’s enemies.

2. The king of Salem however, being the Priest of the Most High God, brought            bread and wine to greet the conqueror of the enemies of his land.


Genesis 14:17  And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale.


B. Priest of the Most High God - Melchizedek was Priest of the Most High God. (Hebrew: El Elyon - God Most High). - This word is used very few times, but used four times in these verses! Meaning - “God is the Supreme Being above all local deities.”




1. Root idea of priesthood is access to God’s presence.

2. Melchizedek

a. Blessed Abraham and prayed the blessing of El Elyon upon him.

b. Blessed God for the deliverance of Abraham.

3. Demonstrates that God always has true believers, (a remnant), even outside of Abraham’s family. – Genesis 14:18-20


C. The Acknowledgment- Willingness to receive blessing is testimony to knowing the spiritual position and power of Melchizedek.

1. Blessing received before his confrontation with the king of Sodom, undoubtedly playing a part.

2. Abraham further acknowledged the position of Melchizedek by paying tithes.

a. Shows the practice of tithing before Moses.

b. No reason to deny the importance of it today.

D. The Worldly Proposal - Naturally the king of Sodom should acknowledge his indebtedness.

1. The king wanted his people        

2. Abraham to keep everything else.


Genesis 14:21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself. {persons: Heb. souls}


E. Abraham’s refusal – Genesis 14:22-24

1. Abraham did not go to war for his own advantage.

2. Abraham anticipated, sought God, took proper action



Contrast of Abraham’s Attitude

To The King of Salem

To The King of Sodom

He Had An Attitude of  Submission

He Had an Attitude of Independence

He Admitted Inferiority

He Had An Attitude of Equality

He Had A Spirit of Humility

He Had A Spirit of Dignity



F. Application: It is the process of sanctification, or to be “separated unto God”, and seeking the Holy Spirit to guide in discerning problems first, and to separate the worldly proposals, and put out trust in God.

“Lest thou shouldest say, ‘I have made Abraham rich.’” Help from the king of Sodom would have put Abraham indebted to a worldly king. Abraham shows discernment by only allowing food for the Canaanite men that were not driven by the same principles as Abraham, and paying tithes to the type of  Christ.



Melchisedek A Type of Christ – Hebrews 7:3,15



Without Descent in the Bible – Hebrews 7:3

Born of a virgin, no earthly father – Isaiah 7:14

Have neither beginning of days, nor end of life like the Son of God – Hebrews 7:3

He is the First and the Last – Revelation 1:11

King of Salem, King of peace (the Jewish affirm that Salem is Jerusalem, so called in Psalms 76:2) - Genesis 14:18; Hebrews 7:1

He is the King, The Alpha & Omega, Who will sit on the throne of New Jerusalem –Revelation 22:2-7

Abideth a priest continually – Hebrews 7:3

He is a Priest for ever  - Hebrews 7:16-17; Psalms 110:4

Priest of The Most High God – Genesis 14:18; Hebrews 7:1

Priest forever of The Most High God – Hebrews 7:21;

Superior to Levitical priesthood – Genesis 14:20; Hebrews 7:8-10

High Priesthood superior to the Levitical priesthood - Hebrews 4:14-7:28

Was not of the order of Levitical Priesthood – Hebrews 7:11

Is a priest of the order of Melchisedek – Hebrews 7:7:21; Psalms 110:4

Brought forth the bread and wine – Genesis 14:18

Brought forth the bread and wine – Matthew 26:26-30

He blessed Abram of the Most High God – Genesis 14:19

He is able to save those to the utmost who come to God by Him – Hebrews 7:25

Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.  For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace,  that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.  Hebrews 7:14-16

Hebrews 11:39 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise:

Hebrews 11:40 God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect. {provided: or, foreseen}

Hebrews 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. {author: or, beginner}…..

Hebrews 12:5 …. And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him:

Hebrews 12:6 For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth…

Hebrews 12:28 ….Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: {let…: or, let us hold fast}

III. The Difference Between Trials and Temptations


James 1:2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations{3986}; {temptations: or, trials}

James 1:3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.

James 1:4 But let patience have her perfect work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting nothing.

James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.

James 1:12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation{3986}: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.


A. Trials (Peirasmos {3986} - “Proving Ground”)

1. They Are Brought About By God

2. Designed To Bring Out The Best In Us


James 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted {3985}, I am tempted{3985} of God: for God cannot be tempted{3985} with evil, neither tempteth{3985} he any man: {evil: or, evils}

James 1:14 But every man is tempted{3985}, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.

James 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

James 1:16 Do not err, my beloved brethren.


B. Temptations (Peiradzo {3985} – “Temptation To Sin Not Believe God’s Word”)

1. They Are Brought About By Our Own Lust

2. Bring Out The Worst In Us


James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.


C. God’s Gifts Are Designed So That God Can Beget Us By The Word Of Truth


D. To Give Into Temptation Is To Fail The Test


E. Abraham Was Able To Pass The Trial Because He Looked Beyond The Physical: - So Can We if We Have The Same Mindset: (When Abram Went To Egypt His Mindset Was On The Physical Only


Hebrews 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.


Explanation Of Abraham’s Attitude: FAITH of course

Faith is able to recognize spiritual position.

Melchizedek was God’s representative and Abraham’s faith was quick to see this and act.

Faith is able to recognize danger.

 A believer must be able to see that success often means temptation and victory the possibility of danger. Abraham knew this and this of course influenced his attitude.

Faith is able to resist strong pressure.

 It takes a real faithful man to withstand honor paid by a king. Abraham endured by faith seeing the King of Kings.

Faith is able to accept God’s provision.

 The offer of the spoil was nothing to Abraham compared to God’s promise. By faith Abraham took God at His Word, even though it did not look possible in the natural.


IV. God’s Word Comes - (Genesis 15:1) - There were nine successive manifestations of God to Abraham, this being the fifth. This revelation seems to have been in the form of a vision, not by a dream.   


Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.


A. When did God’s Word come? - “After these things…”- obviously referring to directly after the events of chapter 14.

a. After the saving of Lot.

b. God’s revelations are always connected with His people’s needs.


B. Why did God’s Word come? – “Fear not, Abram…” Then Abraham must have had some fear. This could have been caused by recent events. A maxim: “Fear before battle is the mark of a coward, but fear after battle is the characteristic of a hero.” - First mention of “fear not.”


C. What was God’s Word? – “I am thy shield and thy exceeding great reward.” It was God Himself.

a. God as a shield against all foes.

b. God as a reward after victory.

1. Abraham had refused the spoils of Sodom and Gomorrah

2. But but God would not let him be a loser.

3. God Himself, would be his exceeding great reward.


Hebrews 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

Hebrews 1:2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;