Coachlight Bible Study – Genesis Lesson XIV - Genesis 3:20 – 4:16

The Curse – Part VIII – A Parable Of The Farmer And The Shepherd

Adam & Eve sinned because they choose to believe a corruption of God’s Word above God’s pure holy Word, which God exalts above all His holy Name. (Psalm 138:2). The result of this choice was a curse upon Satan, Eve, Adam, and the earth, and a provision of atonement (covering) by God after an acceptance of God’s Word.

 The result of the curse on Satan resulted in a prophetic revelation to mankind of a battle between two seeds that would continue for ages to come.  This prophetic message insured that the coming “Seed of the Woman” would, after many battles, eventually crush the head of the “seed of the serpent”.  God’s message to mankind continued with God’s provision of the “coats of skins”.  These “coats of skins” also gave a prophetic lesson, teaching that man’s way to atonement (or covering) for sin was useless, but God’s provision would lead man on a path back to paradise. (Revelation 22:3)

The result of the curse on Eve has played out in Eve’s life as pain and suffering in childbirth, but God’s merciful prophetic Word has actually made Eve a “type of Christ” (Isaiah 53:10), Who would be the final sacrifice for sin.

The result of the curse on Adam and the earth, much of which we also are affected today, played out in Adam’s life in the form of sorrow, pain & suffering, sweat & tears, and eventually death.  God’s “very good” creation now seems to be wearing down and under the “bondage of corruption”.  The entire “creation was made subject to to vanity”, and the earth began to “wax old as doth a garment (Hebrews 1:10-12).  Since all flesh is made of the earth’s physical elements, it is also subject to the law of decay and death as the “grass witherith and falleth away” (I Peter 1:24).  In other words, everything will eventually wear out, run down, grow old, decay, and pass into dust.

After Adam’s confession (Giving his assent to God’s Word) by naming his wife Eve, the mother of all living, The Second Triune Council meet and decided to remove Adam & Eve from the garden.  So that Adam could not re-enter the garden, God placed “cherubim and a flaming sword which turned every way” at the east side of the garden.  We can see the same type of picture all through the Bible, and is associated with the Throne of God. God still spoke to man after the fall, but now at a distance.  Now when Adam and Eve or their descendants approached God, they must approach God by no other way than by His Word.  The “coats of skins” taught man that the covering of guilt had to be (1) By a gift given by God and God alone, (2) By the death of an innocent substitute, and (3) By the shedding of blood.

We will see Adam & Eve experience the reality of the age-long “Battle of the Seeds”, play out in the history of their two sons.  The story of Cain & Able, while being very much actual history, is also a parable concerning the battle of the Seeds. Cain typifies the “Seed of the Serpent”; while Able is a type of Christ, representing those who by faith are “in Christ”, and therefore represent the “Seed of the Woman.”

Today also a person’s heart desire in approaching and knowing God actually determines his destiny in eternity.  If the person accepts God’s Word by approaching God in faith in God’s provision of the blood of Jesus Christ, he then becomes one of the heaven born “seed of the woman” and is restored into the presence and fellowship of God.  On the other hand, if that person continues to twist and reject God’s Word, relying on his own way, he is imposing his own will in place of God’s will.  He is actually presuming to be “as gods, knowing good and evil.”  This person then becomes the “seed of the serpent.”

I. Adam’s Confession After The Curse


Genesis 3:20 And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living. {Eve: Heb. Chavah: that is Living}


God had pronounced the great curse, with all its intricacies and implications, but He had also given an even greater promise – that of the coming Redeemer.  When Adam heard God’s Word this time, he believed God and His promise of salvation in spite of Adam’s sin and the resulting curse. 

This time Adam believed God’s Word instead of corrupting it or doubting and rejecting it.  God’s purpose in a trial is to change the heart not just modify behavior.


A. This time Adam believed God At His Word

B. Adam called his wife’s name Eve – chavvah meaning “life”

1. This indicates that Adam had faith in God’s promises

a. Adam believed that Adam & Eve would have children

b. Adam knew the Seed of the Woman would come from that offspring

2. Adam Had A Change Of Heart – Agreed With God’s Word


II. The Lord God’s Provision


Genesis 3:21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.


A. In response to Adam’s Confession, God Provided A Covering For Nakedness

1. Their self-made fig leaves were completely inadequate to cover guilt & sin

2. This taught that the provision could only come from God, and God alone

3. God’s provision of Innocent blood was shown to be needed for the covering:


Leviticus 17:11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.



4. This taught that complete salvation was only to those who:

a. Worshiped God

1. Approached God with a proper offering

2. Worship literally means to: “Bow down to God’s will”

b. Forgot their own will, and accept God’s Word

1. Acknowledged their own guilt and helplessness

2. Trusted in God alone for complete salvation & provision

B. This Provision Was Completely Opposite To Satan’s Advise

1. No appeal to the physical or mental senses

2. It required putting down human pride & accepting God’s Word

C. The typical teaching was that the woman’s Seed would

1. Shed His own blood in the coming conflict

2. This would happen before the complete deliverance could occur

D. The Application Today: We also should heed to this typical teaching


1. By reckoning our own “fig leaves” as filthy rags:


Isaiah 64:6  But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.


2. By allowing God to clothe us with the garments of salvation:


Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels. {decketh: Heb. decketh as a priest}


III. The Second Triune Council


Genesis 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Genesis 3:23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.


A. Man Now Knew The Evil Of Rejecting God’s Word

1. The council recognized that “Man had become one of Us, to know good and evil”

2. This statement was made in sadness

a. Man had once known only the goodness of God

b. Now man has known the evil in rejecting God’s Word

c. Now man knew the suffering that results from rejecting God’s Word

d. Now man’s “goodness” as promised by the serpent was not what was hoped

e. Man had been created in God’s image – That image was now marred by evil

3. God had to drive out man from the garden

a. Adam & Eve Were Reluctant to leave their paradise for the unknown world

b. They were afraid of never seeing God again

4. To guard the garden’s entrance to the tree of life, God placed two cherubim east


B. Cherubim (And Seraphim) are always associated with the throne of God


Psalm 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth. {of: or, for}

Psalm 99:1 The LORD reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth between the cherubims; let the earth be moved. {be moved: Heb. stagger}


C. Cherubim Are Associated With The Throne Of God


Cherubim Are Associated With The Throne Of God

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Ezekiel’s Cherubim

Isaiah’s Cherubim

John’s Cherubim

Ezekiel 1:4-28; 10:1-22

Isaiah 6:1-6

Revelation 4:6-8


D. It Is Likely That God Continued to Converse with Adam

1.  From God’s Throne

2. However, now from a distance


IV. God’s Purpose Is To Change Hearts – Not behavior modification


I John 1:5 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.

I John 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:

I John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

I John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.

I John 1:9 If we confess<3670> our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

I John 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.

I John 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:

I John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

I John 2:3 And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.


3670 omologew homologeo hom-ol-og-eh’-o - from a compound of the base of 3674 and 3056; TDNT-5:199,687; v

confess 17, profess 3, promise 1, give thanks 1, confession is made 1, acknowledgeth 1; 24

1) to say the same thing as another, i.e. to agree with, assent

2) to concede

2a) not to refuse, to promise

2b) not to deny

2b1) to confess

2b2) declare

2b3) to confess, i.e. to admit or declare one’s self guilty of what one is accused

3) to profess

3a) to declare openly, speak out freely

3b) to profess one’s self the worshipper of one

4) to praise, celebrate


A. True Confession Is Much More Than The Telling Of Your Sins

B. True Confession Is Agreeing With God’s Word

C. True Confession Is Giving Your Assent To God’s Will Not Self

D. True Confession Is Giving Up Our “Fig Leaves” & Agreeing with God’s Word

E. True Confession Is A Change Of Heart


V. Eve’s Confession


Genesis 4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. {Cain: that is, Gotten, or, Acquired}


A. Eve cried, “I have gotten a man from the Lord” – Literally “From the Lord

1. Eve believed the Lord

2. Eve believed God’s promise in Genesis 3:15

3. Even though Eve had experienced pain in childbirth

4. Eve had seen God’s faithfulness in giving her a son

B. The name Cain means “gotten” – Obviously from Eve’s exclamation

1. Eve was not only happy that she was given a child, but a man

2. Eve believed God’s promise of a Deliverer

3. Cain was not this deliverer, however, he was the first of the “serpents seed”


1 John 3:11  For this is the message that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love one another.

1 John 3:12  Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.


VI. The Shepherd And The Farmer


Genesis 4:2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. {Abel: Heb. Hebel} {a keeper: Heb. a feeder}


A. Able was very different from his brother

1. Abel is found in the “Hall of Faith”


Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

2. He is called righteous


Matthew 23:35  That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.


3. He is called a prophet


Luke 11:50 That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation;

Luke 11:51 From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.


4. These testimonies from Christ, can only mean that Abel believed God’s Word


B. The name “Abel” means vapor or vanity

1. The impact of the curse has had long enough to manifest on Eve

2. The creation was “subject to vanity”


Romans 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,


C. The Boys Had Different Occupations

1. Cain became a farmer, Abel became a shepherd

2. Both occupations were honorable

a. The fruit from Cain’s labor provided food

b. Abel’s sheep provided clothes for the family

c. It is also probable that the sheep were used for sacrifice to God at the throne


VII. The Sacrifice And God’s Mercy


Genesis 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. {in process…: Heb. at the end of days}

Genesis 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:

Genesis 4:5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.


A. It looks as though there was a regular time to sacrifice to God

1. This sacrifice was probably not the first sacrifice

2. The phrase “Process of time” suggests this literally meaning “the end of the days”

3. Adam and Eve were driven from the presence of God (Genesis 3:22-24)

4. By God’s grace it looks as though His people could approach Him – His way


B. This was the first time Cain received a Rebuke – His others had been acceptable

C. Why Was Abel’s Sacrifice Acceptable? – Abel Believed God’s Word

1. It was not a product of Abel’s own labor – God had blessed him with a fat lamb

2. It was by the death of an innocent substitution

3. It was by the shedding of blood


D. Why Was Cain’s Sacrifice Unacceptable? – Cain Tried To Do It His Own Way

1. It was a product of Cain’s own labor

2. It was not by the death of an innocent substitution

3. It was not by the shedding of blood


E. Undoubtedly Cain Began To Resent His Situation

1. His own labor would not please God

2. He probably had to purchase a lamb from Abel every time he approached God

3. Cain rebelled against God’s Word and brought his own labor approaching God


F. Cain’s Countenance Fell Because Of God’s Rejection – He Became Angry

1. Pawneem translated “Countenence”, has a root meaning of  a “look” - glance

2. Where his glance was haughty and conceited at first, became angry looking


Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.


VIII. The Murder


Genesis 4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?

Genesis 4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. Genesis 4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.


A. God Promised Cain In Spite Of Cain’s Anger

1. Cain would be accepted “If he “doest well”

2. That obviously means “Obey God’s Word”

B. But If Cain Continued In Rebellion, He Would Become the “seed of the serpent”

1. Sin “lieth at the door” – “Lieth”, Rabats literally means “couched”

2. The desires of sin would be Cain’s desire

3. Cain would become the “seed of the serpent”, using sin as his obedient servent

4. Notice the similarity to Genesis 3:16

C. Cain Talked With his Brother In The Field

D. Why Did Cain Rise Up And Kill Abel?


I John 3:12 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.

E. The “seed of the serpent” Very Quickly Struck At The Seed Of The Woman

1. He first corrupted her first son

2. He then killed her second son.

F. The “seed of the serpent” Was Trying To Prevent The Fulfillment Of Genesis 3:15


VIII. The Judgment

Genesis 4:9 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother’s keeper?

Genesis 4:10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground. {blood: Heb. bloods}

Genesis 4:11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand;

Genesis 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.


A. This Time Cain Did Not Go To The Place Of Sacrifice

B. God Went To Where Cain Was

C. God asked Cain where his brother was

D. Cain’s Response

1. He outright lied too God

2. He questioned God’s right to ask the question

E, God Could No Longer Deal With Cain In Mercy, But Rather Judgment

F. Cain Had Been Abel To Stop The Voice Of His Prophesying Brother

G. But Cain Could Not Stop The Voice Of Abel’s Blood


Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh. {yet…: or, is yet spoken of}


H. Abel Was A Type Of The “Seed of The Woman”

1. He was righteous before God

2. He died violently at the hand of the “seed of the serpent”

3. Abel’s blood crying is a type of all righteous suffering through the ages

4. The climax was Christ on the cross

a. The very people Christ had called of your father the devil cryed out:


Matthew 27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.


b. Like Cain, they would rather shed innocent blood than obey God’s Word


I. The Battle Of The Seeds Continues Today

1. The Blood Of Christ Speaketh Of Better Things Than That Of Abel


Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.

2. At the present time it seems like it is a victory for Satan

3. Satan’s defeat is only waiting the Second Coming Of Christ


Romans 16:20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen. {bruise: or, tread}


J. God Punishing Cain Is A Type Of The Ultimate Crushing Of The Serpent’s Head


1. Cain was driven out from the presence of the Lord


Genesis 4:14  Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.


2. So will All Those Who Obey Not The Gospel Of Christ


II Thessalonians 1:9  Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;


K. Cain Could No Longer Produce The Fruits That He Used To Approach God


1. The Earth would no longer yield its increase for him

2. Those who do not believe God’s Word can only produce thorns & thistles