Coachlight Bible Study – Exodus Lesson 20 – Exodus 25:1 - 22

The Great High Priest

God’s heart desire from eternity, and apparently the reason He created heaven and earth was to tabernacle, or dwell with His people.  God conversed with Adam in the garden until sin came about.  Since then, a sinful man can not approach a holy God. 

 

God’s Plan To Dwell (Tabernacle) With His Creation - Man

God Walks With Adam In The Garden

Genesis

3:8-11

 

Christ Came As Promised To Purchase Man’s Salvation

Acts 20:28

Holy Spirit Dwells Inside The Believer – Sealing Of The Holy Ghost Is The Earnest Of Our Inheritance

Ephesians 1:13-14

 

 

The Tabernacle Of God Is With Man

Revelation 21:3

God Presents The Bride To Adam

Genesis

2:18-25

Ephesians

5:25-33

God’s Glory Fills The Tabernacle

Exodus 40:34-35

II Chronicles 5:14

Immanuel – God With Us

Isaiah

7:14

Matthew

1:23

The Bride Without Spot Or Wrinkle Or Any Such Thing Goes To Meet The Lord In The Air – They Are With Him Forever

I Thessalonians 4:13-18

Tribulation Designed To Bring Israel Back To God

Daniel 9:24-27

Christ Rules The World On Earth

Revelation 20:4-6

We See The Full Bride (Foundations & Gates) Church & Israel With God Forever

Revelation 21:1-14

Approx. 2000 Years

Approx. 2000 Years

Approx. 33 Years

Has Been Approx. 2000 Years

7 Years

1000 Years

Forever & Ever

 

 

 

Holy

Spirit

Descends

Church

(Bride)

Ascends

Christ’s

Second

Advent

 

New

Heavens &

New Earth

 

Creation

The Law

Christ On Earth

Church Age

Tribulation

Kingdom

Dispensation Of The Fullness Of Times

 

As God called Moses from the fire that did not consume the bush on Mt. Sinai, Moses was being trained on the holiness of God.  Moses was not to approach God’s presence too closely, and he was to remove his shoes because the ground was holy.  The ground was holy because the presence of a holy God was there.

God trained the Israelites upon reaching Mt. Sinai after delivering them from Egypt on this same idea.  They had two days to sanctify themselves, and Moses had to put up a barrier around the mountain so that beasts or people wouldn’t die out of ignorance.  This teaching was all in preparation for the building of a Tabernacle, so God can dwell with His people:

 

Exodus 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.

Yes, sinful man can not approach a holy God, without a Mediator of the New Covenant.  The Tabernacle itself pointed forward to the ultimate sacrifice for sin.  The Tabernacle did not only point forward to His sacrifice, but also to His position of King, Prophet, and Priest.

Today, we can approach God only through our Great High Priest Who now resides in heaven seated at the right hand of the Father.  This makes communion with God possible and a great privilege:

 

Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

Hebrews 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

 

I. Material For The Tabernacle – Exodus 25:1-7

 

Exodus 25:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

Exodus 25:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.

Exodus 25:3 And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass,

Exodus 25:4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

Exodus 25:5 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

Exodus 25:6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense,

Exodus 25:7 Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.

 

A. The Offering Came Only From The Willing

B. The Material Of The Offering

 

The Material Of The Offering

1. Gold

2. Silver

3. Brass

4. Blue

5. Purple

6. Scarlet

7. Fine Linen

8. Goat’s Hair

9. Ram’s Skins Dyed Red

10. Badger’s Skins (Seal)

11. Shittim Wood (Acacia)

12. Oil (For The Light)

13. Spices (For Anointing)

14. Spices (For Sweet Incense)

15. Onyx Stones

16. Stones (To Be Set In The Breastplate And Ephod)

 

II. The Purpose For The Tabernacle – Exodus 25:8-9

 

Exodus 25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.

Exodus 25:9 According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.

 

A. Let Them Make Me A Sanctuary That I May Dwell Among Them

B. Let Them Make It After The Pattern

1. God gave Moses The Pattern For The Tabernacle:

 

Acts 7:44 Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.

 

2. It was patterned after the Tabernacle (Throne) in heaven

 

Hebrews 8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.

 

Hebrews 9:23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

 

III. Floor Plan Of The Tabernacle

 

A. The Outer Court – Enclosed Place Around The Tabernacle Proper

1. 100 cubits long – (About 150 feet)

2. 50 cubits wide – (About 75 feet)

3. Outer Court contained the brazen altar and the brazen lavar

B. Tabernacle Proper – 30 cubits long (45’) – 10 cubits wide (15’) – 10 high (15’)

1. Made of two parts

a. Holy Place – 20 cubits long (30’) x 10 cubits wide (15’) x 10 wide (15’)

b. Holy of Holies – 10 cubits long (15’) x 10 cubits (15’) x 10 cubits (15’)

2. Furniture of the Holy Place

a. Table of shew bread

b. Golden Candlestick (lampstand)

c. Altar of incense

3. Furniture of the Holy of Holies

a. Ark of the Covenant

b. Mercy Seat – Top of the Ark

1. Place where God would meet with His people

2. Place where people would approach God

C. The Bible Looks At The Tabernacle From God’s Perspective

1. God looks at the tabernacle from the Mercy Seat

2. Man approaches the Tabernacle from the gate of the Outer Court

 

 

 

IV. The Ark Of The Covenant

 

Exodus 25:10 And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

Exodus 25:11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.

Exodus 25:12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it.

Exodus 25:13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.

Exodus 25:14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them.

Exodus 25:15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it.

Exodus 25:16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.

Exodus 25:17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof.

Exodus 25:18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

Exodus 25:19 And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.

Exodus 25:20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.

Exodus 25:21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.

Exodus 25:22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.

A. Construction Of The Ark – Exodus 25:10-22

1. Made of Shittim wood

a. 2˝ cubits long (3’9”)

b. 1˝  cubits wide (2’3”)

c. 1˝ cubits high (2’3”)

2. Overlaid with gold

a. In and out

b. Crown trim all around

3. A gold ring on each corner

a. Two rings on one side

b. Two rings on the other side

4. Two staves for carrying the ark

a. Made of shittim wood

b. Gold overlaid

B. Construction Of The Mercy Seat

1. Made of pure Gold

a. 2˝ cubits long (3’9”)

b. 1˝ cubits wide (2’3”)

2. Two gold cherubim

a. Of beaten work

b. At the two ends of the mercy seat

 

V. Purpose Of The Ark – Exodus 25:21-22

A. Cherubim Have Wings Stretched Covering The Mercy Seat

1. The cherubim faces toward each other

2. Cherubim look toward the mercy seat

B. The Mercy Seat Is Where The Meeting Will Take Place

1. “There I will meet with thee”

2. “And I will commune with you between the two cherubim”

 

VI. The Ark - A Perfect Pointing Forward To Christ

A. Shittim Wood Is A Symbol Of Christ’s Humanity

B. Gold Overlay In And Out Is A Symbol Of Christ’s Diety

C. Christ Is The God-Man

1. The ark could not be called a wood chest – It was also gold

2. The ark could not be called a gold chest – It was also wood

3. There is no mingling of the two

4. Both gold and wood are needed to maintain the type of Christ

a. The God-Man principle is an infinite mystery to humans

b. Here a gold-wood box describes things hard to explain

c. Here God uses the “simple things to confound the wise”

d. The ark was covered both in and out – This also describes Christ:

 

Colossians 2:9 For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.

 

5. Christ was all God and all Man

a. He was not just a man with a heightened god consciousness – He is God

1. He spoke as God

2. He placed Himself on the same plane as God

 

John 14:1 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.

 

John 14:9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?

John 14:10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

 

b. He was not just a performer of miracles – He had human characteristics

1. He grew tired

2. He slept

3. He ate

4. He drank

5. He cried

6. Most importantly – He suffered and died

c. Neither characteristic was mingled

d. No identity was lost

 

VII. The Contents Of The Ark Point Forward To Christ

A. The Ark Contained

1. The Golden Pot Of Mana

2. Aaron’s Rod That Budded

3. The Tables Of The Covenant – 10 Commandments

B. Tables Of The Covenant Point To Christ As King –

1. They point to His sinless life and fulfilling prophecies

2. Christ has always been King in God’s Plan

3. Christ is coming to earth again to be King

4. God’s plan from eternity is moving forward with Christ Ruling in view

5. The earth needs a King

6. The King of Kings and Lord of Lords is coming to rule the earth

C. The Pot Of Mana Point To Christ As Prophet

1. He spoke for God:

 

John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.

 

2. Christ Is God’s Message To Men – The Logos

 

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:2 The same was in the beginning with God.

John 1:3 All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.

John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

John 1:5 And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

 

3. Christ became flesh to tabernacle among us:

 

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

 

4. Christ is the ultimate message to man – The Alpha And Omega

 

C. Aaron’s Rod That Budded Points Forward To Christ As Priest

1. A Priest Speaks for man before God

2. As Priest Christ

a. Offered Himself as ransom

b. Passed into heaven – Aaron’s rod points to His resurrection

c. Now He continually makes intercession for us:

 

Hebrews 7:25 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

 

d. Christ Entered The Heavenly Tabernacle And Presented his blood on mercy seat

 

Hebrews 9:23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

 

 e. Christ’s blood is the most valuable commodity In God’s economy:

 

I Peter 1:18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;

I Peter 1:19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

 

f. We can approach God today through our Great High Priest In Heaven

 

Hebrews 9:11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;

Hebrews 9:12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.

Hebrews 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.

Hebrews 9:16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.

Hebrews 9:17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.

Hebrews 9:18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.

Hebrews 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,

Hebrews 9:20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

Hebrews 9:21 Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.

Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

Hebrews 9:23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

Hebrews 9:25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others;

Hebrews 9:26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

 

g. Now we can approach and commune with a Holy God

 

Hebrews 10:19 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,

Hebrews 10:20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

Hebrews 10:21 And having an high priest over the house of God;

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

Hebrews 10:23 Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)

Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: