Coachlight Bible Study – Exodus Lesson 10b – Part III

Yahweh Revealed Who He Is, Pharaoh Revealed Who he Is

Battle Of The Gods – The Last Six Plagues


God has been making it clear to everyone that He, not Moses or anyone else is going to deliver Israel out of the bondage of Egypt.

The Lord God of Israel, Yahweh, has been preparing Moses, the people of Israel, and Pharaoh for the implementation of God’s plan.  We may remember that God told Abraham His plan in Genesis 15at the institution of the covenant;


Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Genesis 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.

Genesis 15:15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age.

Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Genesis 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Genesis 15:19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites,

Genesis 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims,

Genesis 15:21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.


As God appeared to Moses for the first time and gave Moses his commission, God said:


Exodus 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;

Exodus 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.


After Moses’ first two excuses, God said:


Exodus 3:18 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.

Exodus 3:19 And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.

Exodus 3:20 And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go.

Exodus 3:21 And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty:

Exodus 3:22 But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.


God reassured Moses with a lesson that all God needed was Moses’ heart and his hand.  Then after Moses’ forth excuse, two objections, and as Moses was in the process of questioning God’s plan after being rejected by Pharaoh and Israel, God said:


Exodus 6:3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.

Exodus 6:4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.

Exodus 6:5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.

Exodus 6:6  Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:

Exodus 6:7 And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

Exodus 6:8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD.


The Seven “I Wills” Of Deliverance


1st I Will

2nd I Will

3rd I Will

4th I Will

5th I Will

6th I Will

7th I Will


Bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians

Rid you out of their bondage

Redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments

Take you to me for a people

Be to you a God

Bring you in unto the land

Give it you for an heritage

















The “Love of this world” that burdens the heart

The bondage of sin

Our Savior, Who Stretches out His Hand

God’s Son Who adopted us as sons

God loving us because it is His nature to love us

Our position with Christ after deliverance

Earnest of our

inheritance until the purchased possession


I John


Romans 7:20-24



Galatians 4:3-7



Ephesians 2:4-10

Ephesians 1:10-14


Finally, after two more Moses objections, including the lesson to not place confidence in the flesh, God reassures Moses by the definition of the word “prophet.”


Exodus 7:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.

Exodus 7:2 Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land.

Exodus 7:3 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.

Exodus 7:4 But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.

Exodus 7:5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch forth mine hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.


Now Moses is ready to be a part of God’s plan.  Moses had tried to be a priest when God wanted Moses to be a prophet.  A prophet is one who comes from the people and speaks for God.  A priest is the very opposite of this.  A priest is one who represents the people to God.  A priest does not speak for God, and a prophet does not represent the people.  God is always in the process of putting the human element or the “flesh” out of the way, because the “flesh” has no part in a Holy God’s Plan.

We can see that God was in the process of preparing Pharaoh in His plan as well.  God said, …”I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and multiply my sign and my wonders in the land of Egypt.”  In other places, the bible tells us that Pharaoh hardened his own heart.  This should be a reminder to us of Proverbs 4:


Proverbs 4:20 My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings.

Proverbs 4:21 Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thine heart.

Proverbs 4:22 For they are life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh.

Proverbs 4:23 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.


In other words, God’s part in hardening Pharaoh’s heart was to put circumstances in front of Pharaoh, so that what is really in Pharaoh’s heart is revealed.  God places these circumstances in front of Pharaoh in the form of a miracle and twelve plagues upon Egypt.  From these, God reveals Who He Is, who Pharaoh really is, and Demonstrates to Israel that He can not only deliver them from Egypt, but be their loving God after the deliverance.

During these plagues, Pharaoh reveals who he is in the form of four compromises with Moses.  While this was a great lesson for Moses, it is also a great lesson for us today.  God’s Word to Moses was specific, even from the beginning in Genesis 15.  Moses was prepared by God not to compromise with God’s Word.  Those four compromises have direct applications for today’s world, and God is in the process of preparing us for the task.



I. Crocodile Worship Prominent In Egypt – God’s First Attack


Exodus 7:8 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,

Exodus 7:9 When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, Shew a miracle for you: then thou shalt say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent.<08577>

Exodus 7:10 And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent.<08577>

Exodus 7:11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

Exodus 7:12 For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents:<08577> but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.

Exodus 7:13 And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.


08577 Nynt tanniyn tan-neen' or Mynt tanniym (#Eze 29:3) tan-neem' - intensive from the same as 08565; n m;

dragon 21, serpent 3, whale 3, sea monster 1; 28

1) dragon, serpent, sea monster

1a) dragon or dinosaur

1b) sea or river monster

1c) serpent, venomous snake


A. Pharaoh Was Going To Need Some Credentials From Moses

B. Aaron’s Rod Was The Badge Of Authority

C. The word translated “serpent” is a different word used in chapter 4

1. In chapter 4, the word was nachsach, which only means serpent

2. Here, the word is tanniym, which is never translated serpent except here

a. In Isaiah and Ezekiel it is translated “dragon”

b. It has a satanic meaning, probably why KJV translators translated “serpent”

c. In Egypt it means crocodile

d. The crocodile had a large place in the religion and worship in Egypt


Crocodile Deities


                 Sebek  - Appearance:

Man with the head of a crocodile and a headdress of feathers and a sun-disk

Sebek was a Nile god.


Sobek in crocodile form

Sebek was connected with the Nile, and protected the king. Live crocodiles were kept in pools at temples built to honour Sebek.

A crocodile-god, he was worshipped and the reptiles were kept in pools and adorned with jewels. Hundreds of the animals have been found mummified.

In the Book of the Dead, he assists in the birth of Horus and helps to destroy Seth. He also retrieved the Four Sons of Horus from the waters of Nun was the request of Ra.



Apep was a huge serpent (or crocodile) which lived in the waters of the Nile. Each day he attempted to disrupt the passage of the solar barque of Ra. In some myths, Apep was an earlier and discarded sun-god himself. This helps to explain the snake's strength and his resentment of the daily journey of the sun. In Seth's battle for the throne of Egypt, he claimed that he was stronger than Horus because it was he that stood at the prow of the solar barque and defeated the enemies of Ra.

Apep was a genuine threat to Re and his daily travels. At times he was successful and when this occurred stormy weather would occur. When Apep swallowed the barque, there was a solar eclipse.

He never had a lasting victory though because of the prayers of the priests and religious. A book called, The Books of Overthrowing Apep contained a list of his secret names and a number of hymns that celebrate Re's victories. According to the book, Apep had been previously killed, hacked to pieces, dismembered and thrown into the abyss. However, he always came back to life to attack Re the next day. Egyptians would go to the temples and make images of snakes out of wax. They would spit in the images, then burn and mutilate them. Doing this and reciting the spells in the Books of Overthrowing Apep helped ensure Ra's continued success and victory over the snake.


D. Crocodile Worship Very Prominent In Egypt

1. Sebek was a deity of evil with a crocodile head

2. Apep, in form of a crocodile, was the arch enemy of the solar gods

3. Egyptians Magical Ritual Performed In Temple Of Amon-Ra

a. Apep endeavored everyday to prevent the rising of the sun god Ra

b. Apep stirred up lightening, thunder, tempests, storms, hurricanes, and rain

c. Apep tried to hide the sun by with clouds, mist, fog, and blackness

d. The Egyptian ritual was to try and destroy Apep

E. Pharaoh’s Wise Men Imitate This Miracle

1. They cast down their rods and they became crocodiles

2. But God delivers a blow to their crocodile worship –

a. Aaron’s rod swallowed all their crocodiles

b. The Egyptians worshipped the crocodile

c. But Aaron’s rod ate up all the magician’s crocodiles

E. Pharaoh Hardened His Heart

1. Pharaoh should have been impressed by the magician’s crocodiles being eaten

2. But Pharaoh hardened his heart

3. This is just as the Lord had said.



God’s First Blow To Egypt’s gods – An Attack On Crocodile Worship

Exodus 7:10 And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent.<08577> (Crocodile)

Complete Passage

Exodus 7:8-13

Religious Situation In Egypt

Egyptians Hold A Ritual Everyday To Destroy Apep, So The Sun god Ra Would Shine On Egypt

Egyptian gods Directed Against

Sebek – An Evil deity With A Crocodile Head


Apep, Appeared In The Form Of A Crocodile, Was The Arch Enemy Of The Sun god Ra.

Affect On Egypt

Pharaoh’s Wise Men And Sorcerers Cast Down Their Rods, And The Rods Become Crocodiles

Affect On The Egyptian Religion

Although The Egyptians Worship The Crocodile, It Is Aaron’s Rod That Swallows Up Their Crocodiles

Affect On Pharaoh

After Seeing This Spectacle, Pharaoh Hardened His Heart As Yahweh Had Said


II. Battle of the Gods - The ancient Egyptians believed in many different gods and goddesses. Each one with their own role to play in maintaining peace and harmony across the land.

Some gods and goddesses took part in creation, some brought the flood every year, some offered protection, and some took care of people after they died. Others were either local gods who represented towns, or minor gods who represented plants or animals.

The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to recognise and worship these gods and goddesses so that life continued smoothly.


A. As God Was Announcing The Final Blow, He Said:


Exodus 12:12  For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.


B. Yahweh Now Systematically Proves The Egyptian gods Inept And Helpless

C. Some Of The Plagues Caused Pharaoh to Offer Compromises To Moses

1. The water of the Nile turned to blood

2. The plague of frogs

3. The plague of lice

4. The plague of flies (Sacred scarab)

a. During this plague Pharaoh made the compromise - sacrifice in the land

b. During this plague, Pharaoh made the compromise - don’t go very far

5. The plague of the murrain on the cattle

6. The plague of boils on man and beast

7. The plague of hail

8. The plague of locusts

During this plague, Pharaoh made the compromise – leave your children

9. The plague of darkness

During this plague Pharaoh made the compromise – leave your flocks

10. The Death Angel visits Egypt


Brief Overview Of The Plagues Directed Against The gods Of Egypt

Exodus 12:12  For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.


Water Turned To Blood




Actually Beetles (Scarabs)

Murrain On The Cattle





Death Of The First Born


Exodus 7:19-25

Exodus 8:1-15





Exodus 9:1-7

Exodus 9:8-17

Exodus 9:18-35

Exodus 10:1-20

Exodus 10:21-29



Religious Situation In


Nile Thought To Bring Life Out Of Death Every Spring

Frogs Were Sacred Not Supposed To Kill Them

Egyptians Worshipped The Earth god,


Scarabs Sacred

 To Ra


Spoke Of Eternal


Egyptians Worshiped The


 Bull god,


Priests Had To Be Spotless, No Disease In Order To Serve

The Sky goddess, Nut Said To Be A Canopy Protecting Egypt

People Could Not Worship, They Had To Find Food

The Sun god Was The Most Important god In Egypt

The Firstborn Designated To The gods of Egypt

God’s Word To Moses

Exodus 7:14-19

Exodus 8:1-5

Exodus 8:16



Exodus 8:1-5

Exodus 9:8-9

Exodus 9:13-22

Exodus 10:1-2

Exodus 10:21



Egyptian god

 Directed Against

Nile god, Hapi

Nile Was Sacred To



 The Ugly Frog Headed goddess



 god – Made Report To Osirus  About The Harvest





And RA





Judgment Against All The Egyptian Religion

Nut, The Sky goddess

Egyptian Life In General – All gods powerless


 The Sun god

All gods and Pharaoh

Affect On Egypt

Caused The Nile To Bring Death for 7 Days

Hundreds Of Frogs Every

Where - Heaps Of Frogs – Land Stank

What Was Sacred To Geb The Egyptians Now

 Hated – Mites Are Scavengers

Thousands Of

 Sacred Scarabs Everywhere

Sacred Cattle With Fatal Disease

All Worship Had To Stop

 Boils On Egyptians And Animals

The Flax And Barley Was Smitten

All Crops Left After Hail Eaten

Egyptian Religion Devastated

Egyptian belief That Pharaoh Was A god Devastated

Affect On The Egyptian Religion

Priests Imitated This Plague, Powerless To Change Back

Priests Duplicated This Plague

Priests Could

 Not Duplicate

Made Clear That Both Ra And Kepara

Are Powerless Against Yahweh

Egyptians Forced

 To Worship Sick


Religious Rituals Came To A Screeching Halt

The Sky goddess, Nut Shown Helpless Against Yahweh

Pharaoh’s Servants Realize That The Israelites Are A Snare

The Highest god

 Shown To Be Helpless Against Yahweh

Demonstrated Completely Ineffective

Affect On Pharaoh

Hardened His Heart

After God Took Away The Frogs  As Asked Pharaoh Hardened His Heart

Did Not

 Ask For Plague

 To Be Removed

Wanted To Compromise Then Hardened His Heart – As The Lord Had Said

Pharaoh Hardened His Heart

The Lord Hardened The Heart Of Pharaoh As The Lord Had Spoken To Pharaoh

As Soon As Hail Ceased, He Hardened His

 Heart As Spoken By Moses

Pharaoh Admitted He Had Sinned Against God, But Hardened His Heart After The Locusts Are Gone

He Hardened His Heart

Pharaoh Ordered Moses, Israelites, Their Children, Animals, And Possessions Out Of Egypt

Compromise Offered




1. Sacrifice In The Land

2. Don’t Go Very Far




Leave The Children

Leave The Flocks


Affect On


Same As Egypt

Same As Egypt

Same As Egypt

No Plague

 Of Flies Affected Israel

Not One Of The Israelite Cattle Died

No Boils On Israelites

No Hail In


Taught To Teach God To Their Children

All The Children Of Israel Had Light In Their Dwellings

Delivered By Blood Of The Lamb


III. The Severity Of The 1st Four Plagues Is Demonstrated By Pharaoh Wanting To Come To Some Type Of Compromise:


Exodus 8:25 And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.

Exodus 8:26 And Moses said, It is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us?

Exodus 8:27 We will go three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as he shall command us.

Exodus 8:28 And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.

Exodus 8:29 And Moses said, Behold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the LORD that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.

Exodus 8:30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD.

Exodus 8:31 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one.

Exodus 8:32 And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.


A. Pharaoh Wants to Reach A Compromise Twice Because Of The Scarabs

1. Pharaoh says they can sacrifice “in the land”

2. Pharaoh says sacrifice but, “ye shall not go very far away”

B. These Two Compromises Are Very Close – Only A Shade Different

C. Moses Refused The Compromises – So Should We!

1. A compromise is actually, “Agreement By Concession”

2. A Compromise is always satanic

3. A compromise is the opposite of God’s Word

4. Let’s look at the instruction in Psalm 1:


Psalm 1:1 Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.

Psalm 1:2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.

Psalm 1:3 And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.

Psalm 1:4 The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away.

Psalm 1:5 Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.

Psalm 1:6 For the LORD knoweth the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly shall perish.

D. Today We Have Two Very Parallel Compromises

1. You can be a Christian, but read from the new, easier to understand version

a. All the new versions are translated from changed texts of 2nd & 3rd Centuries

b. These changed texts were not found until the 1800’s buried in caves in Egypt

c. Look again at the Book of Psalms:


Psalm 12:6 The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.

Psalm 12:7 Thou shalt keep them, O LORD, thou shalt preserve them from this generation for ever.


d. How could God’s true Word be hid from generations of people after reading this Psalm?

e. This is especially important as we learn more about these Words:


John 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.

John 6:63 It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.


d. Peter later realized the importance of these Words: - The Word of God, Not The Sacred Scarab Is Eternal Life.


John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.


2. You can be a Christian, but don’t be so dogmatic

a. Instruction from the apostle Paul contrasting apostles and false teachers:


II Corinthians 2:17 For we are not as many, which corrupt,<2585> the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.


2585 kaphleuw kapeleuo kap-ale-yoo'-o - from kapelos (a huckster); v

corrupt 1; 1

1) to be a retailer, to peddle

2) to make money by selling anything

2a) to get sordid gain by dealing in anything, to do a thing for base gain

2b) to try to get base gain by teaching divine truth

2c) to corrupt, to adulterate - 2c1) peddlers were in the habit of adulterating their commodities for the sake of gain


b. Some examples of sacrificing in or close to the land of Egypt:

1. Once saved always saved

2. Evolution

3. Global warming

4. Amelleniumism

IV. The Final Plagues


A.  The Fifth Plague – Murrain On The Cattle


Exodus 9:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

Exodus 9:2 For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,

Exodus 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.

Exodus 9:4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.

Exodus 9:5 And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, To morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.

Exodus 9:6 And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not